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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

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LIBRARY 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

BOSTON 



1936 

YEAR BOOK 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORTS 

FOR 1935 






flu^n^ 



Foreword 



The Committee on Lectures and Publications has 
the honor to present herewith the thirteenth number 
of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined 
the annual reports for the year 1935. 

"WiNTHROP L. Carter, Chairman. 
Boston, Mass. 
May 15, 1936. 



Digitized by tine Internet Arcliive 

in 2012 witli funding from 

Federally funded with LSTA funds through the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners 



http://archive.org/details/transactionsofma1936mass 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

Officers for 1936 9 

Committees for 1936 ^ . 11 

Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1935 13 

Special Medal Awards 21 

Professor Oakes Ames 21 

William N. Craig . . . . ' 23 

M. H. Horvath 25 

Arthur Grove 26 

John C. Brodhead 26 

Richard J. Hayden 28 

Charles M. Lamprey 29 

Garden Clubs Not Members of Massachusetts Federation . 30 

Garden Awards in 1935 34 

Children's Gardens Exhibitions 40 

Fruit Books in the Library 43 

Library Accessions 49 

Periodicals Received, 1935 57 

Gifts to the Library 63 

Exhibitions in 1936 64 

Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission ... 65 

Necrology 66 

Annual Meeting, 1936 71 

The President's Address 71 

Report of the Secretary 74 

Report of the Treasurer 81 

Report of the Library Committee 92 

Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications . 93 

Report of the Exhibition Committee 95 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 98 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 

Products of Children's Gardens 99 

The Result of the Balloting 99 

Honorary Member 101 

Corresponding Members 101 

New Members Added in 1935 104 



List of Illustrations 

Louis Agazzis Shaw, Trustee 8 

Charles K. Cummings, Trustee 10 

Mrs. Roger S. Warner, Trustee 12 

Professor Oakes Ames 22 

William N. Craig 23 

Arthur Grove 24 

M. H. Horvath . 24 

John C. Brodhead 27 

Eichard J. Hayden 27 

Mr. Charles M. Lamprey making an aquarium .... 28 

Estate of Russell Tyson 35 

Estate of Mrs. Gardiner M. Lane 36 

Rose garden of Mrs. John C. Coolidge 37 

Garden of Miss Margaret Cummings 38 

Garden of Mrs. Charles Norton 39 

Cymbidium Beatrice for which Jere A. Downs received 

the Albert C. Burr age gold vase 48 

Bulb garden of Mrs. F. F. Brewster 68 

Unusual exhibit of the garden clubs, 1936 70 

Rose garden of A. A. HuUey 75 

Exhibit of the Herb Society of America 79 

Exhibit of the Massachusetts Department of Conservation 83 

Exhibit of the Massachusetts Audubon Society .... 84 

Tulip garden of Mrs. Homer Gage 91 

Exhibit of Ormond Hamilton 100 




Mr. Louis Agazzis Shaw 
Elected a Trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1936 



THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



President 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Vice-Presidents 

Oakes Ames 
William Ellery 



Trustees 



John S. Ames 
Oakes Ames 
Francis H. Appleton 
George Butterworth 
WiNTHROP L. Carter 
Miss Marian R. Case 
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby 
Charles K. Cummings 
William Dexter 
William Ellery 
William C. Endicott 



Mrs. Homer Gage 
Samuel J. Goddard 
Walter Hunnewell 
Harlan P. Kelsey 
Nathaniel T. Kidder 
Harold S. Ross 
Louis A. Shaw 
Robert G. Stone 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer 
Mrs. Roger S. Warner 
Edwin S. Webster 



Treasurer 
John S. Ames 



Secretary 
Edward I. Farrington 




Mr. Charles K. Cummings 
Elected a Trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1936 



COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY 
For the Year Ending May 1, 1937 



Executive Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 
OAKES AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

JOHN S. AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER 

Finance Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT 

Membership Committee 

MRS. HOMER GAGE, Chairman 

WINTHROP L. CARTER WILLIAM DEXTER 

Committee on Exhibitions 

HAROLD S. ROSS, Chairman 

JOHN S. DOIG VEASEY PEIRCE 

WILLIAM ELLERY WILFRID WHEELER 

Committee on Prizes 

WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman 

GEORGE W, BUTTERWORTH JAMES METHVEN 

WALTER HUNNEWELL FLETCHER STEELE 

Committee on Library 

NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman 

MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY CHARLES K. CUMMINGS 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman 

LOUIS A. SHAW ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Special Medals 

OAKES AMES, Chairman 
SAMUEL J. GODDARD HAROLD S. ROSS 

HARLAN P. KELSEY ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Gardens 

MRS. ROGER S. WARNER, Chairman 

MRS. JOHN S. AMES MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD 

MRS. ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. SAMUEL J, GODDARD 

LOUIS A. SHAW 

Committee on Building 

SAMUEL J. GODDARD, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES CHARLES K. CUMMINGS 

Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions 

MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman 

THOMAS P. DOOLEY DANIEL W. O'BRIEN 

Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 

ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ROBERT H. ROLAND 

WILLIAM ELLERY HAROLD S. ROSS 




Mrs. Roger S. Warner 
Elected a Trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1936 



Medals and Certificates Awarded 

in 1935 

The Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 
Jere A. Downs, for the cymbidium Beatrice. 

G-eorge Robert White Medal of Honor 

Professor Oakes Ames, for his work as botanist, orchid authority, 
and director of Harvard University's horticultural and botanical 
collections. 

Thomas Roland Medal 

William N. Craig, for skill in horticulture. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 
M. H. Horvath, for the hybridization of hardy woody plants, par- 
ticularly roses. 

President's Cup 
Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames, for their garden at the Spring Show. 

H. H. Hunnewell Medal 

Russell Tyson, for his estate at North Andover. 

Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York 

Will C. Curtis, for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 
Jere A. Downs, for the cymbidium Beatrice. 

Silver Medal of the Garden Club of America 

New England Wild Flower Preservation Society and Massachusetts 
Audubon Society, for a conservation garden at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medals 
Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames, for a garden at the Spring Show, 
Bay State Nurseries, for a display of herbs. 
Breck's, for a display of annuals (certificate). 
Breck's, for the dahlia Bishop of Llandaff (certificate). 
Mrs. F. F. Brewster, for a display of annuals (certificate). 
Mrs. F. F. Brewster, for a display of gladioli (certificate). 
Bristol Nurseries, for a display of hardy chrysanthemums. 
Clifilord Brown, for a porch overlooking a garden. 
Mrs. Theodore E. Brown, for a garden of azaleas. 
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids (certificate). 
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids (certificate). 

13 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Cambridge School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, for a 

model of a Middlesex village. 
Otis Campbell, for an aquarium. 

Will C. Curtis, for a naturalistic planting of hardy ferns (certificate). 
Hubert K. Dalton, for a collection of orchids (at New York). 
Department of Conservation, for an educational exhibit at the Spring 

Show. 
Jere A. Downs, for a group of cymbidiums (certificate). 
Miss F. Ethel Elliott, for a terrarium. 
Gardner Museum, for a display of gloxinias (certificate). 
Gardner Museum, for the Governor's garden at the Spring Show 

(certificate). 
Arthur Grove, outstanding authority on lilies (Craig Fund). 
Ormond Hamilton, for a rock garden at the Spring Show (certificate) . 
Ormond Hamilton, for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show 

(certificate). 
Herb Society of America, for a 17th century still room and herb 

garden at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Gardiner M. Lane, for her estate at Manchester. 
Lexington Field and Garden Club, for a display of named varieties 

of herbs. 
Lowthorpe School, for a penthouse garden at the Spring Show. 
Massachusetts State College, for a variety exhibit of apples. 
George H. Meserve, for an aquarium. 
New England Wild Flower Preservation Society and Massachusetts 

Audubon Society, for a conservation garden at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Galen Stone, for a group of acacias. 
Archie Thornton, for a terrarium. 

Tow Path Gardens, for a seaside wall garden at the Spring Show. 
Watuppa Orchards, for a display of apples. 
Watuppa Orchards, for 44 varieties of apples (certificate). 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums (certificate). 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids (certificate). 
The Weeders, for a border planting (at Philadelphia). 
James Wheeler & Son, for a display of callas. 

James Wheeler & Son, for the chrysanthemum Bagdad (certificate). 
Wilfrid Wheeler, for a display of melons (certificate). 

Silver Medals 

Albamont Gardens, for an exhibit of tuberous-rooted begonias 

(certificate). 
Associated Fruit Growers, for a display of fruit (certificate). 
Mrs. Charles F. Ayer, for a swimming pool and its surroundings at 

Hamilton. 
Mrs. Russell T. Bailey, for a miniature model garden. 



I 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1935 15 

Bay State Nurseries, for a display of herbs. 

Belmont Gardens, for a trade exhibit of gardenias at the Spring 

Show (certificate). 
Boston Mycological Club, for a display of mushrooms. 
Breck's, for a display of daffodils (certificate). 
Breck's, for the dahlia Bishop of Llandaff (certificate). 
Breck's, for the meritorious staging of their trade exhibit at the 

Spring Show (certificate). 
John C. Brodhead, founder of school garden work in Boston. 
Mrs. A. C. Burrage, for a group of yellow orchids (certificate). 
Mrs. A. C. Burrage, for an exhibit of anthuriums (certificate). 
Butler & Ullman, for anemones in variety (certificate). 
Otis Campbell, for an aquarium. 
Cape Cod Horticultural Society, for a bulb garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Mrs. John G. Coolidge, for a rose garden at North Andover. 
Mrs. John G. Coolidge, for a display of tomatoes. 
Corliss Brothers, for a display of hardy perennials. 
Corliss Brothers, for a display of perennials (certificate). 
W. N. Craig, for a display of lilies (certificate). 
W. N. Craig, for lilies and late flowering shrubs (certificate). 
W. N. Craig, for a group of perennials (certificate). 
Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for chrysanthemums arranged in beds 

(certificate). 
Mrs. Frank A. Day, for a group of clivia plants. 
Edgell Road Gardens, for a miniature tufa rock ledge with planting. 
Emerson & Norris, for a trade exhibit of garden furniture at the 

Spring Show. 
Essex County Agricultural School, for a display of fruit (certificate). 
Gardner Museum, for a specimen plant of the begonia Emita. 
Walter H. Golby, for a bowl of the buddleia Lavender Glory. 
Richard J. liayden, superintendent of the Boston Park System. 
A House and Garden Centre, for a garden shop. 
Jamaica Plain High School, for the judging contest at the Spring 

Show (certificate). 
Jamaica Plain High School, for miniature gardens (certificate). 
Johnson Aquatic Supply Company, for a display of waterlilies. 
Dr. Walter G. Kendall, for a display of grapes. 
Fred Kunan, for a group of cyclamen and begonias. 
J. J. LaMontagne & Son, for a display of gourds. 
J. J. LaMontagne & Son, for a display of gourds (certificate). 
J. J. LaMontagne & Son, for a display of Indian com (certificate). 
Charles M. Lamprey, for his teaching of bulb growing, aquarium, 

terrarium and garden work. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mrs. Lester Leland, for a group of Lady Mac and Marjorie Gibbs 

begonias. 
Milton Garden Club, for the best horticultural exhibit most artistically- 
staged at the Spring Show. 
Harry Mosher, for a vase of pussywillows. 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for a formal garden at the Spring 

Show. 
North Street Greenhouses, for a group of Rex begonias. 
Eusebia F. Rolston, for a terrarium (2). 
Arthur Rowe, for a mushroom cellar at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a group of Turnford Hall begonias. 
The William Sim Carnation Company, for the carnation Aida 

(certificate). 
The William Sim Carnation Company, for a display of carnations (2) . 
The William Sim Carnation Company, for Lilium philippinense 

formosanum (certificate). 
Success Dahlia Gardens, for the dahlia California Peach (certificate). 
Archie Thornton, for a terrarium. 

Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a display of chrysanthemums. 
William T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis. 
Waltham Field Station, Massachusetts State College, for a display of 

annuals and perennials. 
Watuppa Orchards, for a display of pears. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of Epidendrum prismatocarpum 

(certificate). 
Wheaton College, for a terrarium. 
James Wheeler & Son, for an exhibit of calla lilies. 

Bronze Medals 

Bristol County Agricultural School, for the judging contest at the 

Spring Show. 
Copeland School, Brockton, for the largest and best collection of 

vegetables and flowers from a school garden. 
Edgell Road Gardens, for the cosmos Orange Flare and Campanula 

raineri. 
Mrs. William C. Endicott, for the geranium Madam Dryden. 
Essex County Agricultural School, for the judging contest at the 

Spring Show. 
Gardner Museum, for a group of cascade chrysanthemums. 
Walter H. Golby, for four baskets of assorted flowers. 
Jamaica Plain High School, for a display of fruit and vegetables. 
A. H. Lovesey, for a trade exhibit of rustic furniture at the Spring 

Show. 
I. A. Racz, for a miniature camp and sunporch garden. 
The William Sim Carnation Company, for the carnation Antarctic. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1935 17 

Eric H. Wetterlow, for Cypripedium insigne. 

Weymouth High School, for the judging contest at the Spring Show. 
James Wheeler & Son, for a display of gladioli and delphiniums. 
Mrs. Henry Wolcott, for a group of South African plants. 

Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by- 
Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, 
Weston, Mass. 

Primo Albano, Brockton. 

John Barnes, Brockton. 

Virginia Bigwood, Lexington. 

Edward Bordewick, Sherborn. 

Merton Chouinard, Hopkinton. 

Herbert F. Dolton, Milton. 

Leo Gittzus, Bedford. 

Walter Golash, Haydenville. 

Joseph P. Goldrick, Jamaica Plain. 

Ida Harvey, Dorchester. 

Roscoe Hosley, North Adams. 

Lobacz Brothers, Wakefield. 

Welby F. MacCollum, Bolton. 

Arthur Maghakian, Stoneham. 

Thomas J. Mahan, Milford, N. H. 

William Maloney, Southwiek. 

Helen Mitton, North Dighton. 

Gilbert Monet, Boston. 

Arthur Moore, Westfield. 

Walter Murray, South Weymouth. 

Charles L. Peterson, Jr., Charlestown. 

Florence and Frederick Proulx, Jr., Dodgeville. 

Edith Scace, Pittsfield. 

Gertrude M. Sinnett, Waltham. 

Aurelle St. Amand, Acushnet. 

Clarence and Clyde Stone, Brockton. 

Carl E. Thierauf, Dedham. 

Peter Thomas, Jr., Sharon. 

Raymond Vaill, Monson. 

Francis Wickland, Chesterfield. 

First Class Certificates 

Carnation Aida, exhibited by The William Sim Carnation Company. 
Carnation Dimity, exhibited by Peter Beuerlein^s Sons. 
Carnation E. H. Wilson, exhibited by S. J. Goddard. 
Carnation Orchid Beauty, exhibited by Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries. 
Carnation Pelargonium, exhibited by Peter Beuerlein's Sons. 



18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Carnation Robert Allwood, exhibited by Peter Beuerlein's Sons. 
Carnation Wivelsfield Claret Improved, exhibited by Peter 

Beuerlein's Sons. 
Carnation No. 123, exhibited by S. J. Goddard. 
Chrysanthemum Astrid, exhibited by James Wheeler & Son. 
Chrysanthemum Apollo, exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Chrysanthemum Bagdad, exhibited by James Wheeler & Son. 
Chrysanthemum Innocence, exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Chrysanthemum Orion, exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Cymbidium Golden Gem, exhibited by Jere A. Downs. 
Dahlia Bishop of Llandaff, exhibited by Breck's. 
Pepper Waltham Beauty, exhibited by the Waltham Field Station of 

the Massachusetts State College. 

Awards of Merit 

Brassocattleya Actaeus, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Carnation Elinor, exhibited by Jewett City Greenhouses. 
Carnation Golden Wonder, exhibited by Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries. 
Carnation Maytime, exhibited by The William Sim Carnation 

Company. 
Carnation Mrs. Mary Cousins, exhibited by Leonard Cousins. 
Cattleya Mrs. R. Patterson, var. rotunda, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. 

Burrage. 
Cymbidium eharneo lounanum concolor, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. 

Burrage. 
Cymbidium mcwilliamsi, exhibited by Butterworth^s. 
Cymbidium mcwitliamsi, exhibited by Jere A. Downs. 
Cypripedium Gertrude West var. Jean, exhibited by Thomas Roland, 

Inc. 
Leonotis leonurus, exhibited by Mrs. Henry Wolcott. 
Liatris scariosa alba, exhibited by William N. Craig. 
Rose Lestra Hibberd, exhibited by The Joseph H. Hill Company. 
Rose, a new hybrid, exhibited by The Brownells. 
Sweet Pea Baltimore, exhibited by W. Atlee Burpee Company. 

Votes of Commendation 

Apple, Ripley's Mcintosh seedling No. 2, exhibited by Ripley Ridge 

Orchards. 
Begonias, exhibited by Rocco Zeparo. 
Buddleia, new seedling, exhibited by Walter H. Golby. 
Carnation Crimson King, exhibited by Walter H. Golby. 
Carnation No. 19, exhibited by S. J. Goddard. 
Carnation, new light pink, exhibited by The Henshaw Floral 

Company. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1935 19 

Cattleya gigas var. Meteor x LcEliocattleya canhamiana magnifica, 

exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Chrysanthemum Buttercup (pompon), exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Chrysanthemum Glow (pompon), exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Chrysanthemum Jean Treadway, exhibited by Bristol Nurseries. 
Cymbidium Dingleden, exhibited by Jere A. Downs. 
Cymbidium Ringdove, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Dendrobium Princess, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Gladiolus Barbara Ann, exhibited by Pilgrim Gardens. 
Phlox Humming Bird, exhibited by T. F. Donahue. 
Phlox, new, exhibited by Beatrice Gardens. 
Sweet Pea Miami, exhibited by W. Atlee Burpee Company. 

Cultural Certificates 

Jere A. Downs, for the cymbidium Ceres. 

Jere A. Downs, for the cymbidium Lyoth Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Albert C. BurragCj for Odontioda floryi. 

Maudsley Farm, for two cymbidium plants. 

A. N. Pierson, Inc., for a group of cypripediums. 

Watuppa Orchards, for Cortland apples. 

Watuppa Orchards, for Porter apples. 

Watuppa Orchards, for Richared Delicious apples. 

Edwin S. Webster, for Gloriosa rothschildiana. 

Votes of Thanks 

Apple d'Or Farm, for Ben Davis apples. 
Apple d'Or Farm, for King apples. 

Armacost & Royston, for a display of California-grown cut flowers. 
Mrs. L. Bauernfeind, for curled endive. 
Miss Margaret Baldwin, for birds of the United States. 
Bay State Nurseries, for a display of perennials (2) . 
Bay State Nurseries, for a display of phlox. 
Beatrice Gardens, for a display of gladioli and dahlias. 
Mrs. Alfred Bourdelais, for terrariums. 
Breek's, for a display of annuals. 
Mrs. H. W. Brown, for a miniature formal garden. 
Miss Etta Burman and Miss Anna Bayard, for a desert garden. 
Mrs. Gertrude K. B. Caiger, for an Oriental garden. 
James R. Cass, for a basket of Gypsophila pacifica. 
William Edwin Clark, for South African gladiolus species. 
M. L. Coburn, for a display of hardy perennials and dianthus. 
W. N. Craig, for a display of hardy lilies. 
William N. Craig, for a display of perennials. 
Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for a collection of Smith's hardy 
chrysanthemums. 



20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mrs. Carl P. Dennett, for a miniature garden. 

Henry P. Douville, for a basket of ornamental gourds. 

Ruth Faulk, for a collection of novelty annuals. 

Mrs. Harriet Fox, for an arrangement of pussywillows. 

The Henshaw Floral Company, Inc., for the carnation Ethel. 

Arnold J. Herbert, for the geranium Elizabeth May. 

Children of the Hopedale Garden Club, for Story Book Gardens. 

Mrs. Ellerton James Estate, for a group of Japanese chrysanthemums. 

Otto Keser's Sons, Inc., for the carnation No. 52. 

Roderick H. Mackinnon, for a display of calendulas. 

Milton Nurseries, for an exhibit of English daisies. 

Milton Nurseries, for a display of Hellehorus niger. 

National Park Service, State Park Division, for an exhibit of 

emergency conservation work. 
Nicholson, Inc., for an exhibit of delphiniums. 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a display of waterlilies. 
Mrs. Hermine Schulz, for a table garden. 

The William Sim Carnation Company, for the carnation Atlantis. 
The William Sim Carnation Company, for the carnation White My 

Love. 
Mrs. Frederick Stewart, for a model house and garden. 
0. W. Stewart, for a vase of China asters. 
Symphony Flower Shop, for a basket of dahlias and gladioli. 
Symphony Flower Shop, for an arrangement of gladioli and other 

flowers. 
Mrs. T. J. Travers, for a farm model. 
Fred P. Webber, for a vase of cactus dahlia Miss Belgium. 

G-arden Certificates 

Miss Margaret Cummings, for a garden at Topsfield (BR). 
Mrs. W. Endieott Dexter, for a garden at Prides Crossing (BR). 
Mrs. Ferris Greenslet, for a garden at Ipswich (BR). 
Mrs. Charles Norton, for a garden at Annisquam (BR). 
Mrs. Charles F. Pease, for a garden in Melrose. 



Special Medal Awards 

The following special medal awards were made by the trust- 
ees in 1935 : 

The George Robert White Medal of Honor to Professor 
Oakes Ames of Boston and North Easton. 

The Thomas Roland Medal to William N. Craig of Wey- 
mouth. 

The Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal to M. H. Horvath of 
Mentor, Ohio. 

The Society's Gold Medal from the William N. Craig Fund 
to Arthur Grove of London, England. 

The Society's Silver Medal to John C. Brodhead of Boston. 

The Society's Silver Medal to Richard J. Hayden of Boston. 

The Society's Silver Medal to Charles M. Lamprey of Boston. 

Professor Oakes Ames 

Professor Oakes Ames, to whom the George Robert White 
Medal of Honor was awarded in 1935, belongs to a family long 
known for its devotion to horticulture. He has given particular 
attention to orchids and to economic botany. At one time, he 
owned a large and important collection of orchids at his Sum- 
mer home in North Easton, in which town he was born in 1874. 
When he decided to give up his work with live orchids, he pre- 
sented his collection to the New York Botanic Garden. 

In late years, he has given much attention to the classifica- 
tion of orchids and has described hundreds of new species. He 
has built up one of the largest and strongest herbaria of 
orchids in the world, now comprising over 42,000 sheets. In 
addition, he has amassed a large scientific library and a strong 
collection relating to economic botany. 

Professor Ames has been connected for many years with 
Harvard University, from which institution he was graduated 
in 1898. He was instructor in botany for ten years, afterwards 
assistant professor of botany and later full professor. He was 
chairman of the Council of Botanical Collections in Harvard 
University from 1926-1935. For many years he was supervisor 
of the Arnold Arboretum, the Harvard Botanical garden in 
Cuba and the Botanical Museum in Cambridge. He served as 
Arnold professor of botany from 1932-1935 and in the latter 

21 




Professor Oakes Ames 
Awarded the George Robert White Medal of Honor in 1935 



I 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 



23 




Mr. William N. Craig 

Awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1935 



year he became research 
professor of botany. 

He is the author of the 
important work "Orchid- 
aceae" in seven volumes 
and has written many 
papers on orchids and 
economic botany. He also 
founded the Botanical 
Museum Leaflets. 

Professor Ames is a 
Fellow of the Linnean 
Society of London and of 
the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences. He is 

vice-president of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, vice- 
president of the American Orchid Society and connected with 
many other organizations, including the Association Inter- 
nationale des Botanistes and the Washington Academy of 
Science. He is also honorary president of the Canal Zone 
Orchid Society. 

He is starred in Cattell's Men of Science, designating that he 
was awarded a position among the thousand leading scientific 
men of the United States. 



William N. Craig 

William N. Craig, to whom the Thomas Koland medal was 
awarded in 1935, is well and widely known in many branches 
of horticulture. He has done much to disseminate horticultural 
information through his lectures and writings and has made 
many trips abroad. Mr. Craig was born in England of Scotch 
parents and until he reached middle age was an estate super- 



24 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




Mr. Arthur Grove 

Awarded a medal from the 
Craig Fund in 1935 



Mr. M. H. Horvath 

Awarded the 
Jackson Dawson Medal 
in 1935 . 




SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 25 

intendent, having been in charge of two large and important 
places near Boston. Then he went into business for himself and 
has developed a nursery in which special attention is given to 
rare and choice perennials. 

Mr. Craig is particularly well known for his work with lilies, 
which he has studied widely in this and other countries. He 
has to his credit a popular book on the cultivation of lilies. 
Some years ago, he established a fund with the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society for arousing increased interest in lilies 
through lectures and the awarding of special medals. The 
award made in 1935 to Mr. Arthur Grove of London, England, 
was from the William N. Craig Fund. 

Mr. Craig has long been an active member of the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society. He has also been connected for 
many years with the Gardeners' and Florists' Club of Boston, 
one of the oldest and strongest organizations of the kind in the 
country. He was for many years its president and is now its 
treasurer. He has been president of the National Association 
of Gardeners. He is now president of both the New England 
and Massachusetts Nurserymen's Associations and is connected 
with most of the horticultural and florists' organizations in 
New England. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Horticultural 
Society and one of the foreign corresponding members of the 
Lily Group of that body. 

The medal awarded to him was established in honor of the 
late Thomas Roland, who often has been spoken of as the coun- 
try's greatest plantsman. 

M. H. Horvath 

M. H. Horvath of Mentor, Ohio, to whom the Jackson 
Dawson Medal was awarded in 1935, is a modest man, and his 
work has never been widely exploited. Among expert horticul- 
turists, however, he is known as a man who has been very suc- 
cessful in the breeding of roses, barberries and other woody 
plants. He has done especially good work in the hybridization 
of Rosa setigera and is responsible for Berheris mentorensis 
as well as other barberries. The Jackson Dawson medal was 



26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

established in honor of the late Jackson Dawson, who was for 
many years superintendent of the Arnold Arboretum. 

Arthur Grove 

Arthur Grove of London, England, was awarded the 
Society's Gold Medal from the William N. Craig Fund in 1935. 
He is known throughout the world for his work on lilies, and 
although he has been contributing articles in this field to mag- 
azines for many years and in 1911 published a book entitled 
"Lilies," so modest a man is he that he has never had his photo- 
graph published and there is no account of his work in print. 

Mr. Grove is undoubtedly the world's highest authority on 
lilies and is now engaged in the preparation of a monograph 
of the genus. He is a Fellow of the Linnean Society and in 1924 
the Royal Horticultural Society conferred upon him the Vic- 
toria Medal of Honour, the Society's highest award. In 1933 
the Society again recognized his work on lilies by the award of 
a gold Veitch Memorial Medal. 

"When the Lily Group of the Royal Horticultural Society 
was formed in 1933, Mr. Grove was one of the men most active 
in its organization and has contributed very largely to its 
success. This group is doing much to increase the knowledge 
of and the interest in lilies. 

John C. Brodhead 

In 1935, the trustees voted a silver medal to Mr. John C. 
Brodhead, assistant superintendent of the Boston schools, for 
his enterprise and success in developing school garden work 
and similar undertakings. Mr. Brodhead was founder of the 
school garden movement as it is now known in Boston, this 
being in 1916. It was Mr. Brodhead, too, who established the 
agricultural course at the Jamaica Plain High School in 1918. 
This course has now become so important that several teachers 
are employed, with Mr. Thomas P. Dooley at the head. Mr. 
Brodhead has long been advisor of the Boston School Commit- 
tee on matters pertaining to such work. He has done much to 
arouse interest in gardening among young people throughout 
the city and has constantly encouraged school garden efforts. 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 



27 



Mr. John C. Brodhead 

Awarded the Society's silver 

medal in 1935 





Mr. Richard J. Hayden 

Awarded the Society's silver 
medal in 1935 



28 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Richard J. Hay den 



Richard J. Hayden, superintendent of Boston's Park Sys- 
tem, has expressed himself along educational lines in many 
ways and is a through-going horticulturist. He received a 
broad education in horticulture in Ireland. Later, he became 
foreman in the greenhouse on the estate of the late Mrs. Jack 
Gardner in Brookline and at that time began exhibiting at 
Horticultural Hall. He spent a year in landscape construction 
and then went into the employ of the City of Boston, where 
his ability and energy have long been recognized. 

Since coming to this country, he has studied widely at vari- 
ous schools and colleges and has written for various magazines 
and papers. It was as a result of one of his articles that the 
work of renovating the soil on Boston Common was started. 
His versatility is shown by the fact that he invented and had 




Mr. Charles M. Lamprey (awarded a silver medal in 1935) shown 
giving instruction in the making of an aquarium 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 29 

made at the Franklin Park workshop the first reversible snow- 
plow made in America. Last Summer, much attention was at- 
tracted to a large group of tropical economic plants which Mr. 
Hayden developed in the Boston Public Garden for the benefit 
of the city school children. During the world war, he did much 
work in connection with the playstead gardens. 

He is a highly trained horticulturist and has used his knowl- 
edge consistently for the benefit of the people of Boston. 

Charles M. Lamprey 

Charles M. Lamprey is a unique figure among Boston school 
masters. Teaching is the breath of life to him and his methods 
have won him a wide reputation. For years, he has devoted his 
extra time to Nature study and to developing a love of Nature 
among his pupils. His school is a work shop, in which aquari- 
ums and terrariums have a prominent place. All through the 
year, bulb growing, garden work and bird study receive his 
interest. He has had an active part in several of the exhibitions 
of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 



Garden Clubs Not Members of 
the Massachusetts Federation 

Ashland Garden Club. 

President, Miss Jennie Gushing, Ashland. 
Secretary, Miss Gharlotte Davis, Ashland. 

Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William Hoyle, 108 North Ave., Attleboro. 
■ Secretary, Mrs. Carl W. Keil, 70 Lindsey St., Attleboro. 

Bernardston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Raymond L. Bunnell, Bernardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. L. Dwight Slate, Bernardston. 

Beverly Garden Club. 

President, Miss Edith 0. Wylie, 31 Pierce Ave., Beverly. 
Secretary, Miss Beatrice P. True, 76 Baker Ave., Beverly. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 

President, Mrs. Frank E. Merriam, 73 Dane St., Beverly. 
Secretary, Mrs. Esther S. Alley, 29 Abbott St., Beverly. 

Chelsea Woman's Club, Garden Club of the. 
President, Mrs. Max E. Stewart, 35 Franklin St., Chelsea. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Huddell, 155 Garfield Ave., Chelsea. 

Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens of the. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton. 

Deereield Garden Club. 

President, Charles Huntington Smith, Deerfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Henry C. Wells, Deerfield. 

East Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Miss Maude Magoun, 274 Central St., East Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Miss Gladys Hennessey, Union St., East Bridgewater. 

East Milton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Olaf Olsen, 8 Bunton PL, East Milton. 

Secretary, Mrs. Charles B. Hoxie, 61 Washington St., East Milton. 

Easton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Charles I. Wright, Eastondale. 
Secretary, Mrs. John C. Mason, 18 Day St., North Easton. 

FoxBORO Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ralph R. Greenleaf, R.F.D. 56B, Foxboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. Donald Dodkin, Foxboro. 

Georgetov^n Woman's Club, Garden Department of. 

President, Mrs. Irving Chesley, 138 Central St., Georgetown. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles Legal, 146 Elm St., Georgetown. 

30 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OB^ MASSAOTfUSETTS FRDERATION 31 

Groveland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Wildon MacAloney, Benham St., Groveland. 

Secretary, Mrs. E. Howard Butler, 15 Philbrick St, Groveland. 
Hampden Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Marion Wells Gerrish, Hampden. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Libby, R.F.D.l, East Longmeadow. 

Hampshire County Garden Club. 

President, George H. Hawksley, 18 Park St., Florence. 
Secretary, Hobart Whitaker, 23 Cedar St., Northampton. 

Hanover Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Tenney L. Davis, Norwell. 

Secretary, Mrs. Charles Sunergren, Hanover. 
HoLDEN Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Harry Holton, Holden. 

Secretary, Mrs. Fred A. Stone, Holden. 

HoPEDALE Garden CluJ). 

President, Mrs. Dana Osgood, 76 Green St., Hopedale. 

Secretary, Mrs. Harry A. Billings, 94 Dutcher St., Hopedale. 
HuBBARDSTON Continuation Club. 

President, Mrs. Silas M. Wheeler, Main St., Hubbardston. 

Secretary, Mrs. Elwin C. Wheeler, Main St., Hubbardston. 

Hyde Park Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Frederick L. Johnson, 56 Harvard Ave., Hyde Park. 
Secretary, Mrs. Howard P. Stanley, 9 Reservoir St., Hyde Park. 

Marion Garden Lovers' Club. 

President, Miss H. B. Nye, Marion. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Wetmore, Marion. 

MoNSON Garden Club. 

President, Henry C. Sanderson, Monson. 
Secretary, Mrs. Louise Bradway, Monson. 

Nahant Garden Club. 

President, Miss Constance Wilson, High St., Nahant. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Dick, 20 Tudor Rd., Nahant. 

Needham, The Men's Garden Club of. 

President, J. Corwin Wright, 893 Webster St., Needham. 
Secretary, Henry F. Silsby, 459 High Rock St., Needham. 

Northampton Woman's Club, Garden Department of the. 

Chairman, Mrs. Robert R. Williams, 57 Crescent St., Northampton. 
Secretary, Miss Caroline Chaffin, 14 Henshaw Ave., Northampton. 

North Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Merrill S. Marty, 106 Bank St., North Attleboro. 
Secretary, Harry L. Dixon, South St., Plainville. 



32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Oxford Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Oxford. 

Secretary, Mrs. Roger Chaffee, Oxford. 
Pepperrell Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. J. Orin Williams, Jr., Pepperell. 

Secretary, Mrs. Franklin Wiley, Box 74, Pepperell. 
Pittsfield Garden Club. 

President, Alfred J. Loveless, 49 Easton Ave., Pittsfield. 

Secretary, Miss Marjorie Barnes, Richmond. 
Rockland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Arthur H. Marks, 329 Howard St., Rockland. 

Secretary, Miss Mary L. Shaw, 111 East Water St., Rockland. 
South Warren Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R.F.D. 1, West Brookfield. 

Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R.F.D., Brimfield. 

Spencer Garden Club. 
President, Mrs, Cora Chamberlain, Wire Village Road, Spencer. 
Secretary, Mrs. Elsie Hitchings, Hillsville, Spencer. 

Stoneham Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. J. P. Hylan, 391 William St., Stoneham. 
Secretary, Mrs. R. N. Linscott, 357 William St., Stoneham. 

Stoney Brae Garden Club of Quincy. 

President, Mrs. Robert C. Nordblom, 77 Reservoir Rd., Quincy. 
Secretary, Mrs. Samuel G. Jarvis, Sturtevant Rd., Quincy. 

SwAMPSCOTT Tuesday Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Henry Foley, 79 Fuller Ave., Swampscott. 
Secretary, Mrs. Elizabeth Melanson, 60 Andrew Rd., Swampscott. 

Telephone Employees' Garden Club. 
President, Charles W". Anderson, 6 Bowdoin Sq., Boston. 
Secretary, Ulderic F. Hurley, 245 State St., Boston. 

Tewksbury Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George Garland, Tewksbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. William A. Smith, Tewksbury. 

Waban Community Garden Club. 

President, H. 0. Stetson, 91 Pine Ridge Rd., Waban. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. A. Hosley, 46 Waban Ave., Waban. 

Wellesley Men's Garden Club. 
President, Robert E. Blakeslee, 43 Garden Rd., Wellesley Hills. 
Secretary, Albion R. Davis, 23 Wellesley Ave., Wellesley. 

Westboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George S. Maynard, Maynard St., Westboro. 
Secretary, Miss Helen C. Forbes, Ward's Corner, Westboro. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 33 

West Dennis Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Thomas Giles, West Dennis. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. P. Bennett, West Dennis. 

Westwood Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Waldo C. Hodgdon, High St., Westwood. 
Secretary, Mrs. Walter Probert, Pond St., Westwood. 

Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. 

Chairman, Mrs. Edmund M. Taft, 24 Hill St., Whitinsville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert McKaig, 103 Hill St., Whitinsville. 

Whitman Men's Garden Club. 

President, Arthur T. Cole, 17 Pearl St., Whitman. 

Secretary, Merle L. Averell, 815 North Washington St., Whitmaa 

Whitman Woman's Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ftank A. Kirby, 37 Beulah St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Mrs. William Mathison, 21 East Ave., Whitman. 

Winchendon Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Robert B. Greenwood, 22 Court St., Winchendon. 
Secretary, Mrs. Forrest R. Whitcomb, 92 Oak St., Winchendon. 



Garden Awards in 1935 

The Committee on Gardens worked under peculiarly hard 
conditions in 1935, as we had had a second very hard Winter, 
and an unseasonable frost in late March, so that many of the 
flower and fruit buds were killed. 

Many new gardens have been made in the last year in Mas- 
sachusetts and so many people have written offering their 
gardens for inspection that the committee decided to establish 
a "zoning-plan" by which we could visit all the worth-while 
gardens when they are at their best in the short Spring weeks. 
Last Summer we visited the northeastern part of the state. 

We felt we were very lucky in visiting Andover and North 
Andover last Spring, for we found there some lovely gardens 
and a really beautiful place belonging to Mr. Russell Tyson. 
He has the most lovely and interesting series of fountains I 
have ever seen, and the allees which radiate from the house are 
in beautiful proportion and exceedingly well planted. We sug- 
gested the Hunnewell medal for this place. 

Mrs. G. M. Lane's place, Manchester, Mass. is too well known 
to need a description, but it was voted unanimously to award 
it the Society's gold medal. A silver medal was awarded to 
Mrs. John G. Coolidge's rose garden at North Andover, and 
the willow trees at her place were admired enthusiastically. 

A silver medal was also awarded to Mrs. Charles F. Ayer of 
Hamilton for the swimming pool and its surroundings. 

One of the prettiest small gardens that we found belongs to 
Mr. and Mrs. W. Endicott Dexter of Prides Crossing. It is a 
charming spot and was awarded a blue ribbon garden 
certificate. 

A blue ribbon was also awarded to Mrs. Charles Norton's 
garden at Annisquam. This is unusually interesting and has a 
perfect herb garden and tiny herb room also. 

For the great originality and great charm which promises a 
lovely future for the garden, Mrs. Ferris Greenslet of Ipswich 
received a blue ribbon certificate. 

Miss Margaret Cummings of Topsfield was also awarded a 
blue ribbon certificate for the variety of her gardens and their 
individual charm. 

Mrs. Charles F. Pease also received a certificate for her gar- 
den in Melrose. She has shown great ingenuity in planting to 
advantage a limited space. 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer, Chmrman. 

34 






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Children's Gardens Exhibitions* 

The Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens held 
annually in August had its beginning in 1888 when a com- 
mittee was appointed to foster window gardening as a project. 
It was known as the Window Gardening Project Committee 
and their job was to encourage window boxes. 

The next year, herbariums were encouraged in earnest to 
stimulate the growing of wild flowers in the gardens. In 1890 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society sent Henry L. Clapp to 
Europe to study school gardening. As a result of his trip, Mr. 
Clapp, then Master of the George Putnam School in Roxbury, 
started a wild flower garden in the rear of his school. This was 
a flower garden for nine or ten years and in 1900 plots were 
lined out and vegetables grown. About 1893 the Committee on 
Window Gardening was changed to the Committee on School 
Gardens and Children's Herbariums. That year about 13,000 
plants were distributed among the young people. They were to 
care for them, thus creating an interest in young people for 
horticulture. Exhibits of the plants were held in various parts 
of the city and at one of these small exhibits in Roxbury 200 
plants were shown. 

The growing of wild flowers and the making of herbariums 
were continued at the same time and on November 27 and 28, 
1896, the children's herbariums filled the lower exhibition hall ; 
there being about 1,700 dried specimens shown. While this 
work was growing, wild plants in school gardens continued to 
create more interest and flourished rapidly. As previously 
stated, school gardens continued to grow only flowers until 
1900 when vegetables were introduced. 

The year 1904 marks the beginning of the home garden 
movement. The child was to send in a letter in the Fall de- 
scribing cultural methods, etc., together with a picture of the 
garden. No longer was he allowed to grow only native or eco- 
nomic plants. There were only about ten entries the first year 
and the committee name was again changed to Committee on 
School Gardens and Native Plants. 

The year 1905 began showing the results of the hard work of 
the committee the previous year. While the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society only offered five prizes there were 20 
entries. The total spent on children's work by the Society that 



*Based on the History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

40 



children's gardens exhibitions 41 

year was $150. Again the name of the committee interested in 
children's horticultural work was changed to the name it now 
holds, viz: Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions. 

The year 1906 showed another increase in entries in the 
children's department, there being eleven school garden en- 
tries and 259 home garden entries. The old system of visiting 
the child's garden at home still prevailed. 

The year 1907 marks the year of the first children's exhibi- 
tion as such. Two were held — one in July and another in 
September. The latter was overwhelmed with entries and the 
awarding of prizes became a real task. The lecture hall was 
filled with exhibits and packed with several hundred boys and 
girls. Some of the products shown were as good as any seen 
at the regular exhibitions and the enthusiasm certainly was 
greater. For all these results the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society spent $147, and the old herbarium exhibits by the 
children a few years before were very successfully superseded. 

The children's show of September, 1908, had 73 prizes for 
school gardens and in 1912 such progress had been made that 
the premium list showed about 168 prizes. By 1916 there were 
250 entries in the individual vegetable classes and the quality 
was so high, expert judges found difficulty in making awards. 

With the impetus of the war, school and home gardening 
spread by leaps and bounds. This, of course, reacted on the 
annual children's show which that year, 1918, filled the three 
exhibition halls with vegetables. The show of 1919 showed 42 
classes for vegetables alone. At the show, silver and bronze 
medals were given for the best gardens and a total of 800 
entries made up the show. By this time the total prize money 
donated by the Society had increased to $250. This was in- 
creased in 1920 to $300. 

At the present time the children's show continues to fill the 
three exhibition halls with vegetables and flowers. The past 
few years have brought well over 1,000 entries. The tomato 
class alone has over 70 entries. Quality continues to improve 
especially with the older children, and judges often find it 
more difficult to make awards in this show than in those made 
up of adult exhibitors. 

An added incentive, especially for the older, more expe- 
rienced junior gardeners are the large bronze medals donated 



42 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

annually by Miss Marian R. Case of Hillcrest Gardens, 
Weston. 

The present Children's Gardens Exhibition Committee is 
Miss Marian R,. Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, chairman; 
Mr. Daniel W. O'Brien, director of Agricultural Education 
in the Boston Public Schools and Mr. Thomas P. Dooley, head 
of the Agricultural Department of the Jamaica Plain High 
School. 

Thus, in 48 years we have seen what appeared a minor 
project like window box gardening grow into herbarium shows, 
and then outgrow them into a real exhibition of flowers and 
vegetables with upwards of one thousand junior exhibitors, 
the adult exhibitors of tomorrow. 

Henry George Wendler, 

Ja/maica Plain High School. 



Fruit Books in the Library 

The literature of pomology is distinctly modern, for al- 
though fruit growing was discussed in the very earliest books 
on farming, there were no separate books on the subject until 
the sixteenth century. Even then, the first works were generally 
repetitions of established customs. It is interesting to watch 
the growth of the scientific spirit in them — at first a hardy soul 
here and there questioning and watching, then a small group 
of followers catching the idea, finally the full vigorous tide of 
creative work. 

The first approach to the subject was, quite naturally, a 
practical one. "The best way for planting, grafting, and to 
make any ground good, for a rich orchard" was William 
Lawson's happy phrasing. Classification and really scientific 
description appeg^r only near the end of the seventeen hun- 
dreds. Systematic pomologies and special monographs have 
been the distinctive contribution of modern times. 

This comparatively young subject has already a very long 
list of great contributors of fine books. To do even the great- 
est of them justice is beyond the power of this small space, and 
the list that follows may be taken only as a suggestion of what 
has been accomplished. It is based on an exhibit in the library, 
in which the physical limits of the show cases contended with a 
desire to make the display as representative as possible. 

1570 Maison Rustique, par Charles Estienne et Jean Libault. 
Paris. 

A very popular French book. It was translated into Eng- 
lish by Richard Surflet and combined with extracts from 
other authors, making it representative of the classic point 
of view and of the best knowledge of the time. Both French 
and English versions ran through various editions. 

1582 A Booke of the Arte and Maner How to plant and 
Graffe all Sortes of Trees ... by one of the Abbey of 
Sainct Vincent in Fraunce . . . Set Forth and Englished 
by Leonard Mascall. London. 

A mixture of old superstitions and sound practices, charm- 
ingly written. 

1617 ? A New Orchard and Garden : or the Best Way for 
Planting, Grafting, and to Make Any Ground Good, for 
a Rich Orchard, by William Lawson. London. 

The first really English gardening book, and an original 

and practical one. 

43 



44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

1628 Catalogue des Arbres Cultivez dans le Verger et Plan 

du Sieur Le Lectier, Procureur du Roy a Orleans. 

(Reprinted about 1920) 

Le Lectier grew all the fruits of his time. Pears were the 
most numerous — 260 varieties. The only remaining copy of 
his original catalogue is in the French national library. 
1646 Hesperides, sive De Malorum Aureorum Cultura et Usu 

Libri IV, I : Baptistae Ferrarii. Rome. 

The first important Italian fruit book. Is devoted entirely 
to citrus fruits. Fully illustrated. 
1652 La Maniere de Cultiver les Arbres Fruitiers, par le 

Sieur Le Gendre. Paris. 

A protest against the current fantastic use of topiary. A 
very fine book. Shows the author a worker and observer, 
and conveys to the reader a real love of gardening. 
1690 Instruction pour les Jar dins Fruitiers et Potagers, avec 

un Traite des Grangers, par feu M. De La Quintinye. 

Paris. 

La Quintinye was gardener to Louis XIV and grew all 
kinds of fruit to great perfection. His book is thorough and 
practical, and shows original and independent thinking. (For 
instance, he disregarded the current faith in the influence of 
the moon, an omission so radical that an editor soon put in 
a chapter.) His fame as a gardener spread to other coun- 
tries, and his book, translated into English and abridged, had 
a long and influential career. 
1708-1709 Niirnbergische Ilesperides . . . Citronat, Citronen, 

Pomerantzen-Fruchte . . . von J. C. Volkamer. 

Nurnberg. 

A rare early German work on citrus fruits. The plates, in 
addition to picturing the fruits, give scenes of Italian villas 
and villages. 
1724 The Practical Fruit-Gardener, by Stephen Switzer. 

London. 

Some authorities call this the first work of real constructive 
value. The author was a nurseryman and based his remarks 
on practical experience. The whole range of fruit growing 
is covered. 
1766 Histoire Naturelle des Fraisiers, par Antoine Nicolas 

Duchesne fils. Paris. 

The first book on the strawberry, and an excellent example 
of what such a monograph should be. 
1768 Traite des Arbres Fruitiers, Contenant leur Figure, 

leur Description, leur Culture, par Duhamel Du Mon- 

ceau. Paris. 

A landmark in pomological literature — the text for the first 



FRUIT BOOKS IN THE LIBRARY 45 

introduction of scientific method into descriptions, the illus- 
trations for their emphasis on varietal distinctions. A fine 
scientific work and a beautiful piece of book making. 

1780 Vollstandige Anleitung zu einer Systematischen Pomol- 
ogie, von H. L. Manger. Nurnberg". 

The first serious attempt at a classification of fruits. Syste- 
matic works were Germany's contribution to pomology in 
the nineteenth century. 

1799-1825 Systematische Beschreibung der Vorzuglichsten 
in Deutschland Vorhandenen Kernobstsorten, von F. 
A. A. Diehl. Frankfort. 

One of the classics of pomology. The basis on which was 
constructed the classification of fruits still used in Germany. 

1811 Pomona Heref ordiensis : Containing Coloured Engrav- 
ings of the old Cider and Perry Fruits . . . with New 
Fruits . . . Accompanied by a descriptive account of 
Each Variety, by Thomas Andrew Knight. London. 

Knight was an important breeder, and describes in this book 
his methods of cross-fertilizing. 

1812 Pomona Britannica, by George Brookshaw. London. 

Records varieties grown in the greenhouses and gardens of 
Kensington Palace and other famous places. Especially note- 
worthy for pineapples and cherries. 

1817 A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees and the Man- 
agement of Orchards and Cider, by William Coxe. 
Philadelphia. 

A very important record of American varieties of its time. 
Raising from seed was the current popular method. 

1817-1839 Pomona Italiana . . . del Conte Giorgio Gallesio. 
Pisa. 

The finest Italian pomology, although the plates are not all 
of equal perfection. Of special interest for the number of 
figs included. 

1818 Pomona Londinensis, Containing Colored Engravings 
of the most Esteemed Fruits Cultivated in the British 
Gardens, by William Hooker. London. 

Hooker's skill as a painter of fruits has never been surpassed 
in England. 

1818-1819 Histoire et Culture des Grangers, par A. Risso 
et A. Poiteau. Paris. 

Very finely and carefully illustrated, showing both fruits 
and flowers. 



46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

J821 Monographie des Greffes; on, Description Technique 
des Diverses Sortes de Greffes Employees pour la Mul- 
tiplication des Vegetaux, par A. Thouin. Paris. 
Describes and illustrates a remarkable number of methods. 

1823 A Memoir of the Cultivation of the Vine in America 
and the best Mode of Making Wine, by John Adlum. 
Boston. 

The first on its subject published in this country. 

1835-1836 Arbres Fruitiers, leur Culture en Belgique et leur 
Propagation par la Graine, par J. B. Van Mons. 
Louvain. 

The statement of Van Mons' famous theory on raising seed- 
ling fruits. 

1838 Book of Fruits . . . for New-England Culture, by Robert 
Manning. Salem, Mass. 

Robert Manning had one of the most complete collections of 
pears in the country. He was a founder and the first Secre- 
tary of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and a leader 
in the development of American fruit growing. 

1845 The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America, by Andrew 
Jackson Downing. New York. 

The most important contribution of America to fruit litera- 
ture, by America's greatest pomologist. 

1847-1851 Album de Pomologie, par Alexandre Bivort. 
Bruxelles. 

Colored plates and accurate descriptions of Van Mons' seed- 
lings, the record of a prolific period in Belgian fruit raising. 

1848 . A Practical Treatise on the Culture and Treatment of 
the Grape Vine, second edition enlarged, by John Fisk 
Allen. Boston. 

Mr. Allen was an important early breeder of grapes. His 
variety "Allen's hybrid" was long said to be the first product 
of a cross between American and European grapes. 

1851-1856 The Fruits of America, Containing Richly 
Colored Figures and Full Descriptions of all the Choic- 
est Varieties Cultivated in the United States, by C. M. 
Hovey. Boston. 

Hovey was one of America's best authorities on varieties of 
fruits. The strawberry "Hovey's seedling", originated by 
him, was the first variety of any fruit to come from an arti- 
ficial cross in this countr}'. It was shown for the first time 
in Horticultural Hall, Boston, June 29, 1839. 



FRUIT BOOKS IN THE LIBRARY 47 

1858-1875 Le Jardin Fruitier du Museum, ou Iconographie 
de Toutes les Especes et Varietes d'arbres fruitiers Cul- 
tives dans cet Etablissement, par J. Decaisne. Paris. 
One of the examples of the lavish spirit of the French 
Second Empire. The lithographs are outstanding for cor- 
rectness of drawing and color. 
1859-1875 Illustrirtes Handbuch der Obstkunde, von E. 
Lucas und J. G. C. Oberdieck. Stuttgart. 

Of supreme importance, includes more descriptions of fruits 
than any other one publication. 

1863-1871 Pomologie de la France ... les Fruits Cultives en 
France et Admis par le Congres Pomologique. Lyon. 
An indispensable guide to the French fruits. The descrip- 
tions are full and accurate. 
1867 American Pomology — Apples, by John A. Warder. 
New York: 

Warder was a leader in the development of fruit growing in 
the Middle West. 
1869 L'Art de Greffer Arbres et Arbustes Fruitiers, Arbres 
Forestiers et d'Ornement, Plantes Coloniales, Reconsti- 
tution du Vignoble, par Charles Baltet. Paris. 

Careful, detailed instructions which have not yet been sur- 
passed. Available in English translation. 
1878 Some of the Principal Published Writings of Marshall 
Pinckney Wilder, 1835-1878. Boston. 

A man, of inestimable influence in the advancement of Amer- 
ican horticulture, of the American Pomological Society, the 
Massachusetts Department of Agriculture, and of this So- 
ciety. A famous collector of pears. His writings were volu- 
minous but are scattered among the transactions of many 
societies. 
1905-1910 Ampelographie, Publiee sous la Direction de P. 
Yiala et V. Vermorel. Paris. 

An elaborate study of grapes throughout the world, to which 
many specialists contributed. 
1908 ? L'Arboriculture Fruitiere en Images : Multiplication, 
Plantation, Taille et Maladies, par J. Vercier. Paris. 
A complete pictorial guide to pruning and training, unsur- 
passed for the clearness of its diagrams. 
1908 The Grapes of New York, by U. P. Hedrick. Albany. 
An inexhaustible mine of information descriptive, cultural 
and historical, valuable to the student and the grower alike. 
Illustrated with fine color plates. One of a series on the 
fruits of the region, models of what such studies should be. 

Dorothy S. Manks, Librarian. 




TJiis picture of the cymbidium Beatrice published in the Tear Book 
of 1935 is shown again because the late J ere A. Downs was awarded 
the Albert C, Burrage gold vase for this cymbidium as the outstand- 
ing exhibit at any 1935 show 



Library Accessions 

New books added to the library during the year 1935 include 
the following : 

Adams, T. The design of residential areas. 1934. 

Allyn, R. S. The first plant patents, a discussion of the new law and 

Patent Office practice, abstracts of 84 patents and history of the 

law. 1934. 
American horticultural society. American daffodil year book, 1935. 
American society of landscape architects. Illustrations of work of 

members. 1934. 
Anderson, E. and Woodson, R. E. Species of tradescantia indigenous 

to the United States. 1935. 
Ansell, M. The happy garden. 1912. 
Apuleius Barbarus. The herbal of Apuleius Barbarus, from the early 

12th century MS formerly in the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds (MS 

Bodley 130) described by R. T. Gunther. 1925. 
Ashmore, S. Flower beds and bedding plants. 1922. 
Austen, R. A treatise of fruit trees, showing the manner of grafting, 

planting, pruning, and ordering of them etc. ; 2d ed. 1657. 
Bailey, L. H. Botany for secondary schools. 1931. 
Bailey, L. H. and E. Z. comp. Hortus ; new rev. ed. with supplement. 

1935. 
Baltet, C. L'horticulture francaise, ses progres et ses conquets de 

1789 a 1889. 1890. 
Baltet, C. Traite de la culture fruitiere, commerciale et bourgeoise; 

Seed. 1913. 
Barrett, M. F. Field key to the wild and cultivated hardy trees of the 

northeastern United States. 1931. 
Barron, L. Gardening for the small place. 1935. 
Baxter, E. M. California cactus. 1935. 

Beddome, R. H. An annotated list of the species of campanula. 1907. 
Beede, G. F. Strawberry culture. 1898. 
Beguinot, A. Flora Padovana. 1909-1914. 
Bellair, G. and Berat, V. Les chrysanthemes ; 3^ ed. 1894. 
Beston, H. Herbs and the earth. 1934. 
Blakely, W. F. Key to the Eucalypts and companion to J. H. Maiden's 

Critical revision of the genus Eucalyptus. 1934. 
Bobart, J. Catalogus horti botanici Oxoniensis, cura et opera P. 

Stephani et G. Brouni, adhibitis etiam in consilium D. Boberti 

ejusque filio ; ed. 2. 1658. 
Bois, D. ; ed. Dictionaire d'horticulture illustre. 1893-99. 
Bois, D. Les plantes alimentaires chez tous les peuples et a travers les 

ages, tome 3, plantes a piments, condiments et aromates. 1934. 
Bottomley, M. E. Art of home landscape. 1935. 

49 



50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

The bouquet, containing the poetry and language of flowers, by a lady. 

1846. 
Bourcart, E. Insecticides, fungicides, and weed killers, trans, from 

the French and adapted to British standards and practice; 2d 

English ed. rev. and enl. by T. R. Burton. 1926. 
Bowles, E. A. Handbook of narcissus. 1934. 
Bowles, E. A. Some good books for an amateur gardener's library. 

1915. 
Boyle, E. V. Sylvana's letters to an unknown friend. 1900. 
Bradley, R. Riches of a hop garden explained ; 2d ed. 1725 ? 
Brett-James, N. Peter Collinson and his circle of friends. 1926. 
British Museum. A catalogue of the works of Linnaeus and publica- 
tions relating thereto in the British Museum and British Museum 

(Natural history) ; 2d ed. 1933. 
Brittain, W. H. Apple pollination studies in the Annapolis Valley, 

Nova Scotia, Canada, 1928-32. 
Buc'hoz, P. J. Herbier colorie de I'Amerique. 1783. 
Buller, A. H. R. Researches on fungi, vol. 6. 1934. 
California Univ. College of Agriculture. Efficacy and economic effects 

of plant quarantines in Calif. (Bull. 553) 1933. 
Camerarius, J. Hortus medicus et philosophicus item Sylva Hercynia 

a loanne Thalio, omnia nunc primum in lucem edita. 1588. 
Cane, P. S. Garden design of today. 1934. 
Carhart, A. H. How to plan the home landscape. 1935. 
Carhart, A. H. Trees and shrubs for the small place. 1935. 
Cautley, M. S. Garden design: the principles of abstract design as 

applied to landscape composition. 1935. 
Chester county mushroom laboratories, W. Chester, Pa. Manual of 

mushroom culture. 1935. 
Chichester, Mrs. E. P. and Gager, C. S., comp. Books and MS 

illustrating the history of botany, an annotated list. 
Collins, S. H. and Redington, G. Plant products; 2d ed. 1926. 
Columella, L. De re rustica libri XII. 1543. 
Columna, F. Minus cognitarum rariorumque nostro coelo orientium 

stirpium ekphrasis. 1616. 
Columna, F. Phytobasanos, sive Plantarum aliquot historia. 1592. 
Conder, J. The floral art of Japan, 1899. 
Congres international d'horticulture 10. Paris, 1932. Comptes-rendus. 

1932. 
Coon, N. Nursery sales and management. 1931. 
Cordonnier, A. Le chrysantheme a la grande fleur; 2® ed. 1897? 
Coulter, J, M., Barnes, C. M. and Cowles, H. C. Textbook of botany, 

for colleges and universities; rev. ed. 1930-31. 3 vols. 
Cox, E. H. M. A history of gardening in Scotland. 1935. 
Cran, Mrs. M. I know a garden. 1933. 



LIBRARY ACCESSION'S 51 

Crane, M. B. and Lawrence, W. J. C. Genetics of garden plants. 1934. 

Crane, W., illus. Flowers from Shakespeare's garden. ]906. 

Cross, L. The book of old sundials and their mottoes with 8 illus. in 
colour by A. Rav/lings and 36 drawings of some famous .sundials 
by W.Hogg. 1914. 

Cubbon, M. H. and Markuson, M. J. Soil management for green- 
keepers. 1933. 

Culpeper, N. The complete herbal with the English physician en- 
larged ; new ed. 1846. 

Degener, 0. Flora Hawaiiensis. 1932. 

Dezallier d'Argenville, A. J. La theorie et la pratique du jardinage. 
1709. 

Dormon, C. Wild flowers of Louisiana. 1934. 

Dorrance, A. Gardening in the greenhouse. 1935. 

Duchartre, P. Observations sur les bulbes de lis. 1873-5. 

Edinburgh Royal Botanic Garden. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edin- 
burgh, a brief descriptive and illustrated account. 1934. 

Edwards, E. E. Agriculture of the American Indians; ed. 2. 1933. 

Elliott, C. Rock garden plants. 1935. 

Elliott, F. R. Handbook of practical landscape gardening; 2d ed., 
enl. and imp. 1881. 

Ellis, J. Directions for bringing over seeds and plants, from the East- 
Indies and other distant countries, in a state of vegetation ; with 
some additional observations. 1770-73. 

Encyclopasdia Britannica. Botany: plants and gardening (Britannica 
booklet no. 9). 1933. 

Encyclopaedia Britannica. Botany, the science (Britannica booklet 
no. 10). 1933. 

Evelyn, J. Silva; ed. 2. 1670. 

Ewart, A. J. Flora of Victoria. 1930. 

Exposition internationale d'horticulture et Congres de Botanique. St. 
Petersburg, 1869. Les floralies russes de 1869 Rapport public par 
la Federation des Soc. d'horticulture de Belgique. 1869. 

Farrer, R. In old Ceylon. 1908. 

Fink, B. The lichen flora of the United States. 1935. 

Finlay, M. C. Our American maples and some others. 1934. 

Fletcher, F. J. Commercial chrysanthemum culture; ed. 2. rev. 1933. 

Fokker, J. P. Tuinen in Holland. 1932. 

Foxton, W. Shakespeare garden and wayside flowers. 1934. 

Franchet, A. Les lis de la China et du Thibet dans I'herbier du Museum 
de Paris. 1892. 

Frans Halsmuseum. Catalogus van teekeningen, schildern, boeken 
betreffende de geschiedenis van de bloembollencultuur en den 
bloembollenhandel, tentoonstelling 16 Maart - 19 Mei, 1935. 

Gates, F. C. Wild flowers in Kansas. 1934. 



52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Gleason, H. A. Plants of the vicinity of New York. 1935. 

Goff, E. S. Principles of plant culture; 8th ed. rev. by J. G. Moore 
and L. R. Jones. 1935. 

Gibbs, R. W., comp. and ed. Foreign and other gardens. 1935. 

Grabham, M. Plants seen in Madeira. 1934. 

Great Britain. Ministry of agriculture and fisheries. Selected and 
classified list of books in English relating to agriculture, horti- 
culture, etc. in the library of the Ministry. 1934. 

Guilfoyle, W. R. Australian plans for gardens, parks, etc. 

Guillaumin, A. Les fleurs de jardins. 1929-34. 3 vols. 

Haldane, E. S. Scots gardens in old times (1200-1800). 1934. 

Hartley, D. The countryman's England. 1935. 

Haskin, L. L. Wild flowers of the Pacific coast. 1934. 

Hawley, R. C. The practice of silviculture with particular reference 
to its application in the United States of America; 3d ed. rewritten 
and reset. 1935. 

Hemsley, A. The book of fern culture. 1908. 

Henry, M. G. Collecting plants beyond the frontier in northern 
British Columbia. 1934. 

Henslow, G. The origin and history of our garden vegetables to which 
is added their dietetic values. 1912. 

Henslow, T. G. W. Rose encyclopedia; new rev. edition, ed. by 
W. Brett. 1934. 

Hesse, H. Neue garten-lust (includes also his Neue Unterweisung zu 
dem Blumen-bau). 1706. 

Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States. 1935. 

Hole, S. R. A book about roses, how to grow and show them. 1869. 

Hort, Sir A. Garden variety, 1935. 

Hottes, A. C. The book of annuals; 3d ed. 1935. 

Hottes, A. C. 1001 garden questions answered; 2d ed. rev. 1935. 

House, H. D. Wild flowers of New York. 1918. 2 vols. 

Hudson, D. Success with house plants and flowers. 

Hunt, W. L. Southern garden : a study course for garden clubs, 1st 
ser. 1934. 

Instructions pour les arbres fruitiers; derniere ed. rev. et cor. par 
Fautheur. 1676. 

International congress of botany. 5th Cambridge, Eng., 1930. Inter- 
national rules of botanical nomenclature. 1934. 

Jaeobsen, H. Succulent plants, authorized trans, by V. Higgins. 1935„ 

Jacquin, freres. Essai sur la culture, la nomenclature, et la classifica- 
tion des dahlia. 1828. 

Jex-Blake, A. J., ed. Gardening in East Africa, by members of the 
Kenya Horticultural Society and Kenya and Uganda Civil Services. 
1934. 

Jones, Mrs. L. S. Who loves a garden. 1934. 



LIBRARY AOOESSIONS 53 

Justice, J. The British gardener's calendar. 1759. 

Kains, M, G. Five acres ; a practical guide to the selection and manage- 
ment of the small farm. 1935. 

Kains, M. G. Gardening short cuts. 1935. 

Keays, Mrs. F. L. Old roses. 1935. 

Keeler, H. L. Our garden flowers, a popular study of their native 
lands, their life histories, and their structural affiliations. 1910. 

Kervegant, D. Le bananier et son exploitation. 1935. 

Kew. Royal gardens. Handlist of rock garden plants; 4th ed. 1934. 

Kew. Roval gardens. Handlist of tender dicotyledons and gnetaceie ; 
2d ed."^ 1931. 

Kew. Royal gardens. Handlist of trees and shrubs (excluding 
coniferse) ; 4th ed. 1934. 

Knott, J. E. Vegetable growing; 2d ed. thoroughly rev. 1935. 

Kruhm, A. How to grow vegetables and berries. 1935. 

Lambert, L. F. Cultivation of the mushroom. 1933. 

Laren, A. J. van. Cactus. 1935. 

Latimer, J. E. ed. Inside my garden gate: a record of my garden, 
clippings of interest and my garden notes. 1935. 

Leavitt, R. G. Outlines of botany based on Gray's Lessons in botany 
by R. G. Leavitt. 1901. 

Leeming, J. F. The garden grows, a story. 1935. 

Leighton, C. Four hedges, a gardener's chronicle. 1935. 

Leonian, L. H. How to grow delphiniums. 1935. 

LeSueur, A. D. C. The care and repair of ornamental trees in garden, 
park and street. 1934. 

L'Heritier de Brutelle, C. L. Catalogue des livres de la bibliotheque 
de feu C. L. L'Heritier de Brutelle. 1802. 

L'Heritier de Brutelle, C. L. Stirpes novae, aut minus cognitae, quas 
descriptionibus et iconibus illustravit. fasc. 1-6. 1784-5. 

Lindsey, A. W. Textbook of genetics. 1932. 

Longyear, W. How to make garden pools. 1935. 

Loudon, J. C. ed. An encyclopedia of plants indigenous, cultivated in, 
or introduced to Britain. 1829. 

Maddox, R. S. Common forest trees of Tennessee, how to know them ; 
ed. 6. 1930. 

Mappin, G. F. Bigger and better roses for garden, house and exhibi- 
tion. 1935. 

Marie- Victorin, frere. Flore Laurentienne. 1935. 

Markham, E. Clematis, the large and small flowered. 1935. 

Marloth, R. Flora of South Africa. 1913-1932. 4 vols, in 6. 

Marret, L. Icones florae alpinae plantarum ser. 1-3. 1911-1924. 3 vols. 

Matschat, Mrs. C. H. Mexican plants for American gardens. 1935. 

Miyoshi, M. Sakura, the Japanese cherry. 1934. 



54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Moriarty, H. M. Fifty coloured plates of green-house plants, with 

descriptions and rules for culture. 1807. 
Mottet, S. Les arbres et les arbustes d'ornement de pleine terre. 1925. 
Mottet, S. Les oeillets. 1898. 
Mottet, S. Les oeillets ;2eed. 1904. 
Mowry, H. Ornamental trees. 1933. 
Muenscher, W. C. Weeds. 1935. 

Munz, P. A. A manual of southern California botany. 1935. 
Murphy, Mrs. E. L. Flower and table arrangements. 1935. 
National council of state garden clubs. Inc. Judging the amateur 

flower show. 1935. 
Neale, W. T. Cacti and other succulents. 1935. 
Nehrling, H. Die Amaryllis oder Rittersterne (Hippeastrum). 1909. 
Kelson, E., illus. Die orchideen Deutschlands und der angrenzenden 

Gebiete. 1931. 
Newton, J. Culture of the chrj^santhemum as practiced in the Inner 

Temple Gardens; 18th ed. 1892-3. 
Noisette, L. Le jardin fruitier, par L. Noisette, et redige d'apres ses 

notes par L.-A. Gautier. 1921. 3 vols, in 1. 
Norton, C. How to grow spring flowers from bulbs. 1935. 
Ohara, K. Moribana and heikwa : selected arrangements of the Ohara 

school, arranged by K. Ohara, explained by K. Nakahara and 

M. Hashizume. 1935. 
Ohashi, S. Japanese floral arrangement, by special arrangement with 

Professor S. Ohashi of Ikenobo school. 1935. 
Ortloff, H. S. and Raymore, H. B. Color and succession of bloom in 

the flower border. 1935. 
Otten, G. Tuberous-rooted begonias and their culture. 1935. 
Pailleux et Bois, D. Le potager d'un curieux. 1885. 
Palmer, E. J. and Steyermark, J. A. Annotated catalogue of the 

flowering plants of Missouri. 1935. 
Parkinson, J. Paradisi in sole paradisus terrestris; 2d impr. much 

corr. and enl. 1656. 
Patterson, S. Week end gardening. 1935. ' 

Pe, Jos., pub. Jos-Pe kleurenfoto. 
Peattie, D. C. An almanac for moderns. 1935. 
Pinchot, G. Big trees of California. (U. S. D. A. Div. of forestry. 

Bull. no. 28). 1900. 
Poethig, K. Hausgartentechnik : das Handwerk der Anlage, Pflanz- 

ung und Pflege, von K. Poethig und C. Schneider. 1929. 
Porter, L. C. and Lee, F. B. Stimulating the growth of plants by the 

use of artificial light. 1934. 
Pratt, A. and Miller, T. The language of flowers, the associations of 

flowers, popular tales of flowers. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 55 

Putz, A. Another garden notebook : gardening week by week, indoors 
and out. 1935. 

Queen's institute of district nursing. Scottish branch. Scotland\s 
gardens scheme, 1934. 

Quint, I. G. How to grow lilies in the garden. 1935. 

Raber, 0. Principles of plant physiology; rev. ed. 1933. 

Ravenscroft, B. C. Chrysanthemum culture for amateurs; 4th ed. 
rewritten and brought up to date by H. J. Jones. 1928? 

Reid, J. Scots gard'ner. 1683. 

Ries, V. H. How to grow annual flowers. 1935. 

Rivoire et Ebel, M. Roses et rosiers. 1933. 

Roads beautifying association. Roadside planting. 1930. 

Robbins, W. W. Botany of crop plants; 3d ed. rev. 1931. 

Roberts, C. Gone rustic. 1934. 

Roberts, E. A. and Lawrence, J. R. American ferns. 1935. 

Roberts, H. Chronicles of a Cornish garden. 1901. 

Rockwell, F. F. and Grayson, E. C. Flower arrangement. 1935. 

Royal horticultural society. Apples and pears, varieties and cultiva- 
tion in 1934. 

Royal horticultural society. Official report of conference on lilies, 
July 16, 1901. 

Royal horticultural society. Primula conference, 1913. 

Royal Jersey agricultural and horticultural society. One hundred 
years of the Royal Jersey agricultural and horticultural society, 
1833-1933. 

Salter, J. The chrysanthemum, its history and culture. 1865. 

Schling, M. Everyman's garden. 1935. 

Schneider, G. Choice ferns for amateurs. 1905. 

Scottish rock garden club. George Forrest. 1935. 

Sharp, H., illus. Fruits and flowers of Bermuda, water color sketches. 
1893-1903. 

Shepherd, J. C. and Jellicoe, G. A. Gardens and design. 1927. 

Sherlock, C. C. Gardener's how book. 1935. 

Sinnott, E. W. and Dunn, L. C. Principles of genetics; 2d ed. 1932. 

Small, J. K. Ferns of the vicinity of New York. 1935. 

Smith, T. The book of dry-wall gardens. 1916. 

Societe nationale d'horticulture de France. Comite d'arboriculture 
d'ornement et forestier. Liste des vegetaux ligneux d'ornement les 
plus recommendables, coniferes et rosiers exceptes. 1934. 

Spencer, S., comp. Up from the earth, a collection of garden poems, 
1300 B.C.-A.D. 1935, chosen and decorated by Sylvia Spencer. 
1935. 

Spingarn, J. E. Large-flowered clematis hybrids, a tentative check- 
list with a history of the hybrids in Europe and the United States. 
1935. 



56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Stehli, G. J. Pflanzen auf Insektenfang. 1934. 

Stiles, E. C. Rock gardening for the small place. 1935. 

Stoker, F. Shrubs for the rock garden. 1934. 

Sulzer, M. IST. House plants, modern care and culture. 1935. 

Sutton, L. N". The cool greenhouse. 1935. 

Sutton & Sons. Lawns; 14th ed. 1931. 

Taylor, G. C. Garden making by example; 2d ed. rev. and enl. 1935. 

Temple, J. G. The Scotch forcing gardener. 1828. 

Thompson, H. C. Vegetable crops ; ed. 2. 1931. 

Thunberg, C. P. Icones plantarum Japonicarum, 1794-1805. 5 pts. 

1vol. reprint. 1933? 
Torrey, R. E. General botany for colleges; new ed. 1932. 
Turner, W. Libellus de re herbaria novus. 1538. 
Van Slyke, L. L. Fertilizers and crop production ; 2d ed. 1932. 
Vilmorin-Andrieux et eie. Les fleurs de pleine terre ; 4® ed. 1894. 
Walcott, Mrs. M. V. Illustrations of North American pitcher plants : 

descriptions and notes on distribution, by E. T. Wherry : notes on 

insect associates, by F. M. Jones. 1935. 
Ward, F. K. A plant hunter in Tibet. 1934. 
Ward, F. K. The romance of gardening, 1935. 
Werthner, W. B. Some American trees : an intimate study of native 

Ohio trees. 1935. 
Weston, R. Tracts on practical agriculture and gardening. 1769. 
Wheelwright, E. G. Gardening in stone: a guide to the upkeep of 

wall gardens and pavings. 1934. 
Wheelwright, E. G. The Physick garden : medicinal plants and their 

history. 1934. 
Wilder, L. B. What happens in my garden. 1934. 
Wilder, M. P. Lectures on hybridization of plants and the production 

of new varieties from seed. 1872. 
Wilson, H. V. P. A garden in the house. 1934. 
Wilson, Mrs. M. Botanical charts, designed and drawn by Mrs. M. 

Wilson. 1933. 
Wolseley, Viscountess. In a college garden. 1916. 
Woodcock, H. D. and Coutts, J. Lilies, their culture and management, 

including a complete descriptive list of species. 1935. 
Worthen, E. L. Farm soils, their management and fertilization ; 2d ed. 

1935. 
Zander, R., ed. Zander's grosses Garten-Lexikon. 1934. 
Zander, R., ed. Handworterbuch der Pflanzennamen und ihre Erk- 

liihrungen ; 2© aufl. 1932. 
Zirkle, C. More records of plant hybridization before Koelreuter. 

(Journal of heredity January 1934, vol. 25, no. 1). 
Zirkle, C. Some forgotten records of hybridization and sex in plants 

(1716-1739). (Journal of heredity, vol. 23: 433-448). 1932. 



Periodicals Received, 1935 

Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. 

Agricultural Index. 

Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin. 

Alpine Garden Society. Year Book. 

American Amaryllis Society. Year Book. 
*American Bee Journal. 

American Botanist. 

American Carnation Society. Proceedings. 

American Daffodil Yearbook. 

American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. 

American Delphinium Society. Bulletin. 

American Fern Journal. 

American Forests. 

American Fruit Grower Magazine. 

American Home. 
*American Hortigraphs and Agronomic Review. 

American Iris Society. Bulletin. 

American Nurseryman. 

American Orchid Society. Bulletin. 

American Peony Society. Bulletin. - 

American Rose Annual. 

American Rose Magazine. 

American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings. 

American Society of Landscape Architects. Bimonthly Index to 
Current Publications of Professional Interest. 

Les Amis des Roses. 

Annals of Botany. 

Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

Arnold Arboretum. Journal. 

Better Fruit. 

Better Homes and Gardens. 

Blumen- und Pflanzenbau. 

Botanical Society of South Africa. Journal. 

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. 

Boyce Thompson Institute. Professional Paper. 

Breeze Hill News. 

British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. 

Bryologist. 

Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal. 

Cactus and Succulent Society of Great Britain. Cactus Journal. 

*Library keeps only the current year on file. 

57 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Calavo Growers of California. Annual Report. 

*Calavo News. 
California Avocado Association. Yearbook. 
California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. 
California Garden. 
Canadian Entomologist. 
Canadian Florist. 

Canadian Gladiolus Society. Quarterly. 
Canadian Horticulture. 

Le Chrysantheme. 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. Bulletin. 

City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin. 
* Country Life. New York. 

Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 

Dahlia Society of Michigan. Bulletin. 

Desert Plant Life. 
*Economia y Tecnica Agricola. 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. 

Empire State Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. 

Euphorbia Review. 

Experiment Station Record. 

F. T. D. News. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland. News. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Michigan. Bulletin. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Michigan. Yearbook. 
*Field Museum of Natural History. Publications. Report Series. 
*Fertilizer Review. 

Florists' Exchange. 

Florists' Review. 

Flower Grower. 

Flowering Plants of South Africa. 

Forest Leaves. 

Four Seasons. 

Fruit World of Australasia. , 

Garden. 

Garden Club Exchange. 

Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts. Yearbook. 

Garden Club of America. Bulletin. 

Garden Design. 

Garden Digest. 

Garden Gate. 

Garden Gateways. 

Garden Glories. 



^Library keeps only the current year on file. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1935 59 

Garden Gossip. 

Garden Life. 

Garden Lover. 

Garden Path. 

Garden Quarterly. 

Gardeners' Chronicle. 

Gardeners' Chronicle of America. 

Gardening Illustrated. 

Gartenflora. 

Gartenkunst. 

Gartenschonheit. ♦ 

Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau. 

Giardino Fiorito. 

Gladiolus Review. 

Golden Gardens. 

Gourd Bulletin. 

Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. 
* Guide to Nature. 

Hartford, Connecticut. Board of Park Commissioners. Annual 
Report. 

Harvard University. Botanical Museum. Leaflets. 

Hillcrest Gardens. 

Home Acres. 
*Home Gardening. 

Home Gardener. 

Homes and Gardens of Tomorrow. 

Hooker's Icones Plantarum. 

Hoosier Horticulture. 

L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. 

Horticultural Education Association. Yearbook. 

Horticultural News. 

Horticultural Society of New York. Monthly Bulletin. 

Horticulture. 

L'Horticulture FranQaise. 

House and Garden. 

House Beautiful. 

Hlinois Horticulture. 

Illinois State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. 

Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

International Review of Agriculture. 
*Iowa Agriculturist. 

Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. 



*Library keeps only the current year on file. 



60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Iris Society (England). Yearbook. 

Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. 

Jardinage. 

Jenkins Hemlock Arboretum. Bulletin. 

Journal of Agricultural Research. 

Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. 

Journal of Economic Entomology. 

Journal of Forestry. 

Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. 

Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. 

Landscape and Garden. 

Landscape Architecture. 

Lawn Care. 

Lexington Leaflets. 

Lingnan Science Journal. 

Linnean Society. Journal. 

Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. 

Market Growers Journal. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Year Book. 

Massachusetts Tree Wardens' and Foresters' Association. Proceedings. 

Massachusetts Trustees of Public Reservations. Annual Report. 

Massachusetts Trustees of Public Reservations. Bulletin. 

Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters. Papers. 

Mid- West Dahlia News. 

Minnesota Horticulturist. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. 

MoUers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung. 

Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

My Garden. 

Mycologia. 

National Auricula and Primula Society. Annual Report. 

National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report 
and Yearbook. 

National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin. 

National Fertilizer Association. Proceedings. 

National Horticultural Magazine. 

National Nurseryman. 

National Rose Society (England). Rose Annual. 
*Natur und Volk. 
*Nature - Garden Guide. 
* Nature Magazine. 

New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook and Special Bulletin. 
*New England Homestead. 

* Library keeps only the current year on file. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1935 61 

New Flora and Silva. 

New York Botanical Garden. Journal. 

Nord Horticole. 

North and South Dakota Horticulture. 

Northern Nut Growers Association. Annual Report. 

Northwest Gardens. 

Ontario. Department of Agriculture. Statistics Branch. Annual 

Report. 
Ontario. Entomological Society. Annual Report. 
Ontario. Horticultural Societies. Annual Report. 
Orchid Review. 
Ortofrutticoltura Italiana. 
Pacific Coast Garden. 
*Parks and Recreation. 
Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook. 
Le Petit Jardin. . 

*Philippine Journal of Agriculture. 
Phytopathology. 
Plant Breeding Abstracts. 
La Pomologie Fran§aise. 
Popular Gardening. 

*Progressive Farmer and Southern Ruralist. 
Quarterly Journal of Forestry. 
Reale Societa Toscana di Orticultura. Bulletino. 
Revue des Eaux et Forets. 
Revue Horticole. 
Rhodora. 
Rodriguesia. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Daffodil Yearbook. 
Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. 
Rural New Yorker. 
Scientific Horticulture. 
Scottish Forestry Journal. 
Seed Trade News. 
Seed World. 
Shade Tree. 

Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report. 
*Societe d'Horticulture de la Haute-Garonne. Annales. 
*Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin. 
*Societe d'Horticulture et de Viticulture d'Epernay. Bulletin. 
Societe Franc^aise du Dahlia. Journal. 
Societe Nationale d'Horticulture de France. Bulletin. 
Societe Royale de Botanique de Belgique. Bulletin. 
Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture d' An vers. Bulletin, 



*Library keeps only the c\irrent year on file. 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

South African Gardening and Country Life 
Southern Florist and Nurseryman. 
Southern Home and Garden. 
Success With Roses. 

* Sunset. 

* Tennessee Horticulture. 
Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. 
Torreya. 

Tribune Horticole. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. 

Verbandsmitteilungen des Landesverbandes Sachsen fiir Garten bau. 
*Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal. 
*Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Field Station Journal. 

Wild Flower. 

Wild Flower Preservation Society. Circulars. 

Wisconsin Horticulture. 

Worcester County Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Your Garden and Home. 

Zeitschrift fiir Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 



''Library keeps only the current year on file. 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the library from the following donors in 1935 : 

Anderson, Edgar. 

Species of Tradescantia indigenous to the United States, by 
Edgar Anderson and Robert E. Woodson. 1935. 
Clark, William Edwin. 

Stimulating the growth of plants by the use of artificial light, by 
L. C. Porter and Frank B. Lee. 1934. 
Henry, Mrs. J. Norman. 

Collecting plants beyond the frontier in Northern British 
Columbia, by Mary Gibson Henry. 1934. 
Hunt, Evelyn M. 

The bouquet, containing the poetry and language of flowers, by 
a lady. 1846. 
Lambert, Arece C. 

Cultivation of the mushroom, by L. F. Lambert. 1933. 
Mann, Otto. 

Lectures on the applications of chemistry and geology to agri- 
culture; new ed. with an appendix containing suggestions for 
experiments in practical agriculture, by James F. W. Johnston. 
1856. 
Fruits and fruit trees of America with descriptions of all the 
finest varieties of fruit, native and foreign, cultivated in this 
country, by A. Downing; rev. and corr. by Chas. Downing. 
1857. 
New England Wild Flower Preservation Society. 

Fruits and flowers of Bermuda, water color sketches, by Helen 
Sharp. 1893-1903. 
Proctor, Mrs. Ellen T. 

The heather in lore, lyric and lay, by A. Wallace. 1903. 
River Oaks Garden Club. 

Garden book for Houston, issued by Forum of Civics, Houston, 
Texas. 1929. 
Roland, Robert H. 

Catalogus van teekeningen, schildern, boeken, betreffende de 
geschiedenis van de bloembollencultuur en den bloembollen- 
handel, tentoonstelling 16 Maart-19 Mei, 1935, Frans Hals- 
museum. 1935. 
Spingarn, J. E. 

Large-flowered clematis hybrids, a tentative checklist with a 
history of the hybrids in Europe and the United States, by 
J. E. Spingarn. 1935. 
Sprague, Mrs. Isaac (as of 1934). 

Wild flowers of New York, by H. D. House. 1918. 2 vols. 

63 



EXHIBITIONS 

IN 1936 

MECHANICS BUILDING 

March 23-28. Spring Exhibition. 

HORTICULTURAL HALL 

April 30 and May 1. Daffodil Show. 

June 16 and 17. June Exhibition. 

Tuesday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Wednesday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. 

August 15 and 16. Mid-Summer Exhibition, in co-operation 
with the New England Gladiolus Society. 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Sunday, 1 2 M. to 9 P.M. 

August 27 and 28. Exhibition of the Products of Children's 
Gardens. 

Thursday and Friday, 1 to 6 P.M. 

September 12 and 13. Late Summer Exhibition, in co- 
operation with the New England Dahlia Society. 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M. 

October 7-9. Exhibition of the American Orchid Society. 

Wednesday, 2 to 10 P.M. 

Thursday and Friday, 9 A.M. to 10 P.M. 

November 12 and 13. Autumn Exhibition. 

Thursday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. 

64 



Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and 
Flower Mission 

On June 1, 1925, the trustees of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society invited the Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and 
Flower Mission to establish headquarters at Horticultural 
Hall, thus affording- an opportunity to enlarge the work which 
had its origin in the Hollis Street Church in 1869 and had been 
carried on continuously during the Summer months. 

In expressing our grateful appreciation at the expiration of 
the eleventh year, especially for the continued friendly inter- 
est of the Secretary of the Horticultural Society, we realize 
that this co-operation has enabled the Fruit and Flower 
Mission not only to have a room where contributions may be 
left on any weekday morning during the entire year but the 
permanent headquarters has made it possible to keep in con- 
stant touch with the organized hamper work which enlists the 
volunteer service of many friends ; those who pack the hampers 
with generous donations from their gardens and place them on 
early trains ; the railroad men who cheerfully and courteously 
assist in transporting the hampers free of charge and the 
helpers in the several neighborhood centres. 

In the Summer of 1927, 267 hampers were received from 20 
towns and two garden clubs were represented. In 1935, 32 
towns sent 674 hampers, boxes and packages, and 23 garden 
clubs participated. 

The trimming and filling of the Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas baskets in our basement room offered opportunities for 
many old and new friends to have a part in this appealing side 
of our work. Never have so many large baskets been distributed 
and all were well filled with "goodies." The need is increas- 
ingly acute among many "white collar" recipients. 

Tickets for concerts, the Merry Movies and the Spring 
Flower Show were purchased by friends and sent to the Fruit 
and Flower Mission for distribution to lonely people who need 
bright spots in their drab existence and are very appreciative 
of our expressions of friendliness. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society and our long list 
of loyal volunteers make possible the work of the Fruit and 
Flower Mission. 

Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 

65 



Necrology 



The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the 
year 1935 : 



Mrs. Charles Francis Adams 
Mrs. Harrison 0. Apthorp 
Mr. Arthur C. Badger 
Mr. Daniel B. Badger 
Mr. C. M. Barnes 
Miss Mary F. Bartlett 
Mrs. Foster R. Batchelder 
Mrs. George L. Batchelder 
Mr. John Bauemfeind 
Mr. Edward H. Best 
Mrs. Edward T. Bigelow 
Mrs. W. DeFord Bigelow 
Miss Adelaide Bird 
Mrs. Eliza B. Blackford 
Mrs. Fannie E. Blakely 
Mr. Harold Hill Blossom 
Miss Dorothy F. BoUes 
Mrs. Nathaniel Pope Breed 
Mrs. E. C. Brooks 
Miss Clara A. Brown 
Mrs. J. Porter Brown 
Mrs. Lawrence E. Brown 
Mrs. Henry H. Browning 
Mr. Patrick W. Burke 
Miss Ema W. Burt 
Mrs. Richard C. Cabot 
Miss Dora Carbee 
Mr. Neil S. Casey 
Miss Antoinette Clapp 
Mrs. Edith E. Clark 
Mrs. F. S. Clark 
Miss Elizabeth T. Cleaveland 
Mrs. A. B. Coffin 
Mrs. E. Pomeroy Collier 
Miss Bertha A. Conant 
Mr. Herbert Coolidge 
Miss Alice B. Covington 
Mr. Frank E. Dickerman 
Mr. Edward S. Dodge 
Mr. Jere Arthur Downs 
Mr. Henry J. W. Drew 



Mrs. William S. Duncan 

Mr. Robert H. Elliott 

Mr. Ephraim Emerton 

Mrs. W. R. Farrington 

Miss A. M. Fischer 

Mr. Herbert Fisher 

Mr. David L. Fiske 

Mrs. Julia Elizabeth Gebhardt 

Mr. George A. Giles 

Mr. Herman Godendorf 

Mr. William J. Hargraves 

Miss E. May Hastings 

Mrs. H. C. Hay 

Miss Clara Hersey 

M. Robert Hickel 

Mrs. Henry L. Higginson 

Professor John E. Hill 

Miss Mary E. Holmes 

Mrs. Maurice A. Holton 

Miss Elizabeth G. Houghton 

Mrs. Frederic W. Howe 

Mr. Frederick L. Howe 

Mr. Anthony Humphries 

Professor Charles L. Jackson 

Mrs. Ellerton James 

Mr. Frederick R. Kaulbach 

Mrs. Herbert S. Kingman 

Mr. Thomas A. Lacey 

Mr. George A. Lapham 

Mrs. Clara P. Lawrence 

Mrs. Harry V. Long 

Mrs. John D. Long 

Miss Helen C. Martin 

Mrs. J. E. Maynard 

Mrs. Anna C. Monk 

Sir Daniel Morris 

Mr. John T. Morse 

Mr. M. Irving Motte 

Mrs. Fi'ank N. Nay 

Mrs. Arthur W. Newell 

Miss Lavinia H. Newell 



66 



NECROLOGY 



67 



Mrs. Guy Norman 

Mrs. Helen M. Onofri 

Mrs. William C. Parker 

Miss Laura O. Patten 

Mrs. John E. Pes^body 

Mrs. Frank R. Pegram 

Mr. Roscoe Pierce 

Mr. Frank R. Pierson 

Mr. Charles 0. Prescott 

Mrs. William Lowell Putnam 

Mrs. Leona L. Ramsay 

Mr. Walter Raymond 

Mr. John B. Reardon 

Mr. Thomas S. Rich 

Mr. William Allan Riggs 

Mrs. Agnes Robertson 

Mr. Benjamin Lincoln Robinson 

Mrs. L. C. Ryce 

Mrs. Charles R. Sanger 

Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears 

Miss Helen Sharp 

Mr. W. C. Sills 

Mr. Harry R. Sinclair 

Mr. Windsor H. 



Mr. Henry Davis Sleeper 
Mr. Chauncy C. Smith 
Mr. Charles Spurr 
Mr. Charles H. Stearns 
Mrs. Francis H. Stone 
Mr. Frederick W. Stone 
Mr. Carroll G. Swan 
Mrs. William M. Tay 
Mrs. Florence L. Terry 
Mr. Roland W. Toppan 
Mrs. Annetta A. Tracy 
Mr. Bowen Tufts 
Miss Elizabeth E. Vose 
Professor Hugo deVries 
Mr. William D. Wales 
Mrs. George Copp Warren 
Miss Hattie Watson 
Mr. W. F. Watters 
Mrs. C. E. Whitney 
Mr. George Wigglesworth 
Mr. Joseph D. Wilder 
Mr. William H. Williams 
Miss May J. Wood 
Wyman 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 



PRESENTED AT THE 
ANNUAL MEETING MAY 4, 1936 



WITH A LIST OF MEMBERS 
ADMITTED IN 1935 



Annual Meeting, 1936 

The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society was held in Horticultural Hall at 3 p.m. on Monday, 
May 4, being preceded by a lecture by the Secretary in which 
he reviewed the activities of the previous year, illustrating his 
talk with lantern slides. 

The President, Mr. Edwin S. Webster, presided and an- 
nounced that Mr. Arno H. Nehrling, Miss Brenda Newton and 
Miss Dorothy Somes had been appointed tellers. Following 
the reading of the call for the meeting and the minutes of the 
previous meeting by the Secretary, the President made his 
address. The Secretary, the Treasurer and the chairman of the 
various committees then made their reports, all of which are 
appended. 

The President's Address 

I was somewhat startled when the Secretary told me that 
our Society now has over 8,600 members. It seemed to me that 
I had never realized the great responsibility which lies upon 
the shoulders of the officers and trustees in their relation to 
this great number of persons, all looking to us for guidance 
and advice. The present membership is much greater than that 
of any other similar organization in all the world with one ex- 
ception. Our Society has twice as many members as any other 
horticultural society in America, as it has more than the total 
membership of the New York and the Pennsylvania Horticul- 
tural Societies combined. 

Moreover, our sphere of influence is much wider than these 
figures might indicate. We touch the lives of many additional 
thousands through our flower shows and particularly the 
great Spring Show. If we live up to the obligations imposed 
upon us by our charter and our by-laws, we must seek to be of 
genuine help to these persons in solving their personal garden 
problems, as well as by adding to their pleasure and 
satisfaction. 

The scope of the Society's work does not stop even here, how- 
ever. Through our publications, and especially our magazine, 
the Society's prestige is carried to every part of the world. It 
is the only organization of the kind which has ever ventured to 
sponsor a national magazine in open competition with privately 
owned periodicals. In saying this, however, much credit is due 

71 



72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society and the Horticultural 
Society of New York for the co-operation which they have 
given us in building up and sustaining the magazine. 

With all these facts in mind, it is not surprising that a sense 
of responsibility should be felt by the officers, the trustees and 
the staff. We must inevitably be faced with the question, ''Can 
we give the best possible account of our stewardship ?" Perhaps 
it will remain for the next generation to give a definite answer 
to that question, but I can say in all sincerity that we are try- 
ing to direct the Society in ways that shall prove to be of the 
greatest good to the greatest number. I hope the individual 
members of the Society realize that it is their privilege to offer 
suggestions and criticisms if, in their opinion, they are needed. 
The trustees will welcome either or both. 

The study of the Society's history, covering over a century, 
shows that there have been times of recurrent prosperity and 
depression. Prosperity has come when those in charge of the 
Society's affairs have tried to serve the common interests, as, 
indeed, they are obliged to do by the terms under which the 
Society's existence is made possible. Times of depression have 
come when opportunities for public service have been over- 
looked and the government has fallen into the hands of self- 
seeking individuals. There have been such times and we 
rejoice in the fact that a broad-gauged policy is now being 
pursued — one which brings into active participation in the 
Society's affairs the amateur, the commercial man and the 
professional gardener, all working together in harmony and 
with the same end in view. 

There is a wide-spread belief — and it is entertained by some 
of our members — that the Society is very wealthy. Unfortu- 
nately, this is not true. Its assets are large, to be sure, but so 
are its liabilities. It could make money if it let its funds accu- 
mulate and made no effort to carry out the fundamental 
purposes for which it was organized, but then its membership 
would dwindle and its influence decay. Its present activities 
more than exhaust its normal revenues. These revenues, of 
course, have fallen off in recent years, both in the matter of 
rentals and more particularly in the income from investments. 
Even now, securities paying liberal premiums are continually 
being called in to be replaced by others having a much smaller 
yield. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 73 

Such activities as those very important ones carried on by 
the Library and the Summer exhibitions, including the Exhi- 
bition of the Products of Children's Gardens — the largest of 
the kind in America — ^entail heavy expenditures and produce 
no income. To suspend these activities, however, would be to 
seriously damage the Society's prestige and its standing in the 
community. It was to maintain them, indeed, that the plan of 
holding a Spring flower show on a large scale every year was 
introduced. It was the purpose of those who initiated this 
project to conduct a Spring show on a business basis with the 
expectation of producing sufficient revenue to carry on the 
Summer exhibitions, with something left over for other 
branches of the Society's work, such as the giving of lectures 
and the publication of bulletins and pamphlets. Yearly deficits 
were common before this plan was adopted. They have been 
met with only occasionally since that time. It is a fair state- 
ment for members to make when asked about the Spring Show 
that its earnings are used definitely for staging free shows 
throughout the Summer months and that without such earn- 
ings, these shows would have to be abandoned. 

Since the business of the Society has assumed its present 
large proportions, the trustees have felt the necessity of eco- 
nomical and careful management. A budget committee has 
been appointed which makes a careful study of all the Society's 
activities before allotting such sums as may be needed to carry 
them out. All receipts and expenditures are carefully audited, 
and the books are open to any member who may care to see 
them. 

I find that this address is proceeding along very different 
lines than those which I expected it to take when I began pre- 
paring it. I have been impressed more and more, however, with 
the feeling that those in charge of an organization such as this, 
with its many ramifications and its far-flung contacts, should 
realize very seriously that their duties are more than perfunc- 
tory and that their decisions must be made thoughtfully 
and with consideration for all the horticultural branches 
represented. 

The Secretary in his report will give you the details of the 
Society's work the past year. Some of them he has given you 
already in his lecture. You have seen the prize gardens and 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

many of the past year's exhibits on the screen. You have been 
able to compare them with gardens and exhibits in other 
places. The chairmen of the various committees will have 
some pertinent comments to make on the work which these 
committees have been doing. The Treasurer will give you a 
report which is not as satisfactory as we had hoped that it 
would be, due to the flood, which seriously interfered with the 
attendance at the Spring Show and consequently reduced its 
revenue. 

Before I close, I wish to pay tribute to the loyalty and 
ability of our staff, the members of which have worked steadily 
and enthusiastically for the advancement of the Society's in- 
terests throughout the year. I must pay tribute also to the 
various committees which have been entrusted with many im- 
portant and far-reaching projects. These men and women 
have spent many hours in careful consideration of the 
Society's problems, which they have met with their best judg- 
ment. The Society is greatly indebted to them and also to the 
officers of the garden clubs, who have co-operated heartily in 
the matter of the Spring Show and in other ways. There are 
certain individual members of the Society, too, whose interest 
in our work has been shown by gifts and by additions to our 
membership. We are grateful to them, and we look forward to 
continued close association with them in future years. 

Edwin S. Webster, President. 

The Secretary's Report 

With a membership of 8,600, many changes are bound to 
occur every year. Within the twelve months, 1,247 new mem- 
bers have been added. In the same period, the names of 735 
members have been removed for one reason or another. Some 
of the losses, unfortunately, have been occasioned by death. 
Among the members who passed away was Jere A. Downs, who 
had been a trustee of the Society for several years, and who is 
deeply mourned by the other members of the board. Another 
loss was that of Harold Hill Blossom, a member of the Commit- 
tee on Exhibitions, whose genius had been relied upon in a 
large measure for the development of the Spring shows. The 



76 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Society has been fortunate in obtaining the services of his 
associate, Veasey Peirce. 

The steady growth of the Society and the constant extension 
of its activities are matters for congratulation, but they have 
brought about increased responsibilities and added expense. 
To send out a post card now to each member of the Society 
costs $86 in postage. If a sealed letter is sent to each member, 
the postage amounts to over $200. It is for this reason that the 
members have been requested to read each issue of Horticul- 
ture and Gardening in New England carefully. Many activi- 
ties of interest to members are announced in the Society's 
publications and will be overlooked unless watched for. It is es- 
pecially important to read the announcements in the advertis- 
ing box on the inside back cover of Horticulture. 

At the end of the last financial year, December 31, 1935, the 
Society found itself wdth a substantial balance, due to the suc- 
cess of the Spring and Fall shows and because of systematic 
economies practiced throughout the year. By vote of the 
trustees, a sum of $3,000 was added to the Show Insurance 
Fund, $1,000 was set aside to establish a fund for recatalogu- 
ing the library, the Secretary was authorized to purchase a 
new piano, and the Committee on Building, with Mr. Joseph 
E. Chandler as chairman, was instructed to proceed with the 
renovation of Exhibition Hall. This hall was newly painted 
and given a new decorative scheme. Many minor repairs were 
made at the same time, and the ceiling of the loggia was deco- 
rated. The Committee on Building also made several improve- 
ments on the upper floor of the building, thus providing 
adequate quarters for the Boston Mycological Club ; and fold- 
ing doors were placed on the mezzanine floor in such a manner 
as to provide a new and excellent committee room. 

The addition to the exhibition fund raised that fund to a 
total of $38,000. This amount probably will have to be drawn 
upon in the current year because of the fact that the profits 
of this year's Spring Flower Show failed by about $10,000 to 
meet the Budget Committee's estimate. The Budget Committee 
had based this estimate on the returns of previous years and 
could not, of course, anticipate the handicaps placed upon this 
show by the great Spring floods. Because of the depleted 
treasury, it will be necessary to exercise continued economies 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 77 

throughout the present season, although the Society does not 
intend to seriously reduce the extent of its activities. 

An innovation has been tried the past year in the holding of 
monthly meetings at which lectures are given and at which 
limited exhibits of plants and flowers are made. These monthly 
meetings have been directed by a joint committee of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society and the Gardeners' and 
Florists' Club of Boston, with Robert H. Roland as chairman. 
They were instituted largely through the efforts of William 
N. Craig, who was a member of the committee representing the 
Gardeners' and Florists' Club. This club, by the way, is one of 
the oldest, largest and most influential organizations of the 
kind in the country. It has long held its meetings in Horticul- 
tural Hall. At its annual banquet, held in February, Arno H. 
Nehrling, exhibition manager of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society, acted as toastmaster. 

Mr. Nehrling has also directed two study courses the past 
season held in Horticultural Hall by the Boston Branch of the 
National Association of Gardeners. It may be noted in passing 
that John S. Doig, a member of the Society's Exhibition Com- 
mittee, is now the president of the National Association of 
Gardeners. Raymond E. Smith of Andover is president of the 
local branch and has been active in carrying on the current 
courses. 

Last Autumn, the Society conducted a class in botany for 
amateurs under the direction of Mr. and Mrs. Hollis Webster, 
which Avas largely attended and very successful. Mr. and Mrs. 
Webster also conducted a Spring course which was held 
Monday afternoons. 

The Society has co-operated in the work of establishing 
backyard gardens in the Ward 8 section and thus improved 
sanitary conditions in that part of the city, which is close by. 
The Secretary was authorized in the Spring to spend up to $25 
for loam to be used in these gardens, and Mrs. Robert G. Stone, 
wife of one of the trustees, gave $75 to be used as prizes, these 
prizes being awarded at a meeting held in one of the school 
houses late in the season. Various contests have been held by 
students in this building and Mechanics Building in the course 
of the year and awards made from the Society's funds. The 



78 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Secretary had the privilege of presenting some of the medals 
at a meeting at the Jamaica Plain High School. 

The trustees have held three meetings since the Annual 
Meeting in 1935. At the meeting on May 6, the Society in- 
structed the Secretary to write to the Secretary of Agriculture 
supporting the position of the secretary in proposing to do 
away with the present quarantine on narcissi. At this meeting, 
it was also voted to award medals to three men who have been 
particularly active in educational work along horticultural 
lines: John C. Brodhead, assistant superintendent of the 
Boston schools; Charles M. Lamprey, director of the Martin 
School in Roxbury ; and Richard J. Hayden, superintendent of 
the Boston Park System. It was voted to again make the hall 
available for rummage sales at the discretion of the Secretary, 
but the contents of attics and storerooms seem to have been 
pretty well depleted, and there have been no rummage sale 
rentals. 

At a meeting on October 4, Mrs. Bayard Thayer, as chair- 
man of the Committee on Gardens, recommended awards as 
follows, all the recommendations being adapted : 

The H. H. Hunnewell Gold Medal to the estate of Mr. Russell 

Tyson of North Andover. 
The Society's Gold Medal to Mrs. Gardiner M. Lane's estate in 

Manchester. 
A silver medal to Mrs. John G. Coolidge for her rose garden in 

North Andover. 
A silver medal to Mrs. Charles F. Ayer for her swimming pool 

and its surroundings in Hamilton. 
A blue ribbon garden certificate to Mrs. W. Endicott Dexter 

for her garden in Prides Crossing. 
A blue ribbon garden certificate to Mrs. Charles Norton for 

her garden in Annisquam. 
A blue ribbon garden certificate to Mrs. Ferris Greenslet for 

her garden in Ipswich. 
A blue ribbon garden certificate to Miss Margaret Cummings 

for her garden in Topsfield. 
A garden certificate to Mrs. Charles F. Pease for her garden 

in Melrose. 

At this meeting the Committee on Special Medals also sub- 
mitted its report, recommending that the George Robert White 



80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Medal of Honor be awarded to Professor Oakes Ames of 
Boston and North Easton ; that the Thomas Roland Medal be 
awarded to William N. Craig of Weymouth ; that the Jackson 
Dawson Medal be awarded to M. H. Horvath of Mentor, Ohio ; 
that the Society's gold medal from the William N. Craig Fund 
be awarded to Arthur Grove of London, England, for his work 
with lilies. 

At the January meeting, announcement was made that the 
Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase Committee had voted to recom- 
mend the award of the vase to Jere A. Downs for the plant of 
the cymbidium Beatrice shown by him at the Spring Exhibition 
in 1935. The report was accepted, and it was voted to send the 
vase to Miss Elizabeth S. Downs, her brother having passed 
away since the meeting of the committee. The trustees at this 
meeting voted to award a gold medal to Clifford Brown of 
Wellesley as the Albert C. Burrage Porch Prize for 1935. 

There are a few other matters which may be of interest. Late 
last year, the Secretary's assistant, Paul Frese, resigned and 
has joined the editorial staff of Better Homes and Gardens in 
DesMoines, Iowa. He has been succeeded by Miss Hazel 
Keener, formerly at the Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio. Miss Keener has been assigned to the room formerly 
occupied by the Boston Mycological Club, giving Air. Nehrling, 
the show manager, an office to himself, which was much to be 
desired. This office has been completely refurnished. Miss 
Phyllis Allen, the Secretary's secretary, also resigned several 
months ago and is now a happy bride. Miss Dorothy Somes was 
promoted to her position. 

The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and P^lower Mission under 
the direction of Mrs. Lewis A. Elliott has been especially active 
the past year in its office in the basement. Twenty-three garden 
clubs and garden groups have aided in this work, which has 
been carried on at Horticultural Hall now for eleven years. 

The Secretary wishes to express his appreciation of the co- 
operation given him by the trustees, the officers of the Society 
and by the members of his staff. Without this co-operation, 
little could be accomplished. 

Edward I. Farrington, Secretary. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 81 

Report of the Treasurer 

STATEMENT OF THE SOCIETY'S FINANCIAL CONDITION 

DECEMBER 31, 1935 

Assets 

Cash in banks and on hand $ 26,864.43 

Treasurer $17,270.48 

Bursar: In bank 8,206.19 

On hand 10.00 

Savings bank deposits 1,377.76 

$26,864.43 

Investments — Valued at cost 540,285.58 

Capital Assets 588,665.29 

Real estate $498,564.63 

Improvements and additions to buildings 24,890.50 

Library 46,580.47 

Furniture and exhibition ware 9,976.10 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society History . . 6,207.38 
Lantern slides 2,446.21 

$588,665.29 
Deferred Charges : Spring Show, 1936 2,030.11 

$1,157,845.41 

Liabilities and Capital Funds 

Sundry Funds $442,128.04 

Special uses : Principal $156,713.73 

Unexpended income 8,471.01 

$165,184.74 

General uses : Principal 276,943.30 

$442,128.04 

Prizes not distributed 50.00 

Life membership fees 21,244.00 

Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 49,217.47 

Capital 564,524.70 

Surplus (Capital) 43,056.45 

Balance, January 1, 1935 $28,936.78 

Add : Gain on sale of securities 14,119.67 

$43,056.45 



82 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Surplus (Earned) $37,624.75 

Balance, January 1, 1935 $28,800.04 

Add : Adjustment for prior years 283.99 

Excess of income over expenditures 8,540.72 



$37,624.75 



$1,157,845.41 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

Year ended Year ended 

Income December 31, 1935 December 31, 1934 

Income from investments and 

bank interest (less proportion 

allocated to restricted funds) $21,991.01 $22,299.22 

Membership fees 15,031.00 13,641.00 

Rentals 4,860.20 3,039.55 

Spring Show: 1935 20,833.95 

1934 21,364.31 

Autumn Show: 1935 684.52 

Incidentals 137.72 498.03 

Sundry donations 153.00 

Lantern slides — income 72.20 61.90 

Library catalogues 3.00 

$63,763.60 $60,907.01 

Add : Horticulture income 558.63 



$64,322.23 $60,907.01 
Expenditure 
Operating Expenses : 

Building expenses $16,987.21 $17,425.31 

Library appropriation 1,755.87 2,419.84 

Library expenses 4,055.12 4,014.63 

Office and general expense . . . 28,555.10 ' 29,280.85 

Misc. exhibition expense 4,134.70 3,715.89 

Autumn Show— 1934 3,219.37 

$55,488.00 $60,075.89 

Awards and Lectures : 

Lectures $ 54.91 $ 85.00 

Medals and certificates 238.60 532.79 

Judges' fees 175.00 

Prizes in excess of income of 

funds 659.99 

293.51 1,452.78 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 85 

Add : Horticulture loss $19.94 



$55,781.51 $61,548.61 
Excess of Income over Expenditure : 

Transferred to Income Account $8,540.72 $641.60 

INVESTMENTS AS OF DECEMBER 31, 1935 

Bonds 

Rate Maturity Cost 

% Date Value 

$15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 1951 $14,999.73 

5,000 American European Securities Co 5 1958 5,000.00 

15,000 American Gas and Electric Co 5 2028 14,270.76 

5,000 American Telephone and Telegraph Co. . . . 5 1946 4,973.75 

20,000 American Telephone and Telegraph Co 5 1965 20,106.94 

15,000 Anaconda Copper Mining Co 41/2 1950 14,943.75 

15,000 Atlantic Coast Line R. R 4 1952 14,608.11 

15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short Line 4 1954 14,943.75 

15,000 Columbus Electric and Power Co 5 1954 14,700.00 

15,000 Commonwealth Subsidiary Corp.' 51/2 1948 15,665.20 

11,000 Consolidated Gas Co. of New York 5 1957 10,340.00 

15,000 Georgia Power Co 5 1967 14,550.00 

10,000 Houston Gulf Gas Co 6 1943 10,413.94 

9,000 Hydraulic Power Co. of Niagara Falls .... 5 1951 8,982.50 

10,000 International Match Co 5 1941 5,661.25 

15,000 Louisville and Nashville R. R 4 1940 16,151.86 

15,000 New York Power and Light Co 41/2 1967 14,197.00 

5,000 North American Edison Co. "C" 5 1969 4,775.00 

15,000 North American Edison Co. 51/2 1963 12,789.84 

15,000 Penn-Ohio Edison Co 6 1950 12,113.91 

14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 1956 12,222.22 

10,000 Public Utilities Corporation 51/2 1947 9,925.00 

20,000 Puget Sound Power and Light Co 51/2 1949 17,445.00 

10,000 Pure Oil Co. 41^ 1950 10,982.48 

15,000 Railway & Light Securities Co. 11th Series 41/4 1955 15,000.00 

15,000 Scoville Manufacturing Co 51/2 1945 15,525.00 

15,000 Shawinigan Water Power Co 41/2 1968 14,775.00 

8,000 Shell Pipe Line Corporation 5 1952 7,663.75 

10,000 Southern California Telephone Co 5 1947 9,550.00 

15,000 Union Pacific R. R. Co 4 1947 13,650.00 

10,000 Washington Water Power Co 5 1960 9,418.75 

5,000 Western Union Telegraph Co 5 1938 4,982.50 

$385,326.99 



86 massachusetts horticultural society 

Stocks 

Shares 

50 American Can Co $ 5,650.91 

100 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 14,766.96 

200 Buffalo Niagara & Eastern Power Co. Pfd 4,150.00 

150 Commercial Credit Co. 51/2 Conv. Pfd 16,837.50 

265'' Vcoo Electric Bond and Share Co I 10 ^iqo cq 

2,192 General Electric Co. Common \ 13,492.83 

30 Fisk Rubber Co. Preferred 8,011.82 

500 National Power & Light Co. $6 Preferred 50,750.00 

100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Preferred 7,548.75 

160 Northern American Co. $3 Preferred 6,871.50 

365^/6 Radio Corporation of America Common 

400 Tampa Electric Co. Common 14,218.32 

200 United Fruit Co 12,660.00 



$154,958.59 
. Summary ' 

Bonds $385,326.99 

Stocks 154,958.59 



Total $540,285.58 

SUNDRY FUNDS 

Income to be used for Special Purposes 

Unexpended 

Total Income Principal 

Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Josiah Bradley Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,247.74 $4,247.74 30,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,804.00 804.00 20,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage 1,442.25 192.25 1,250.00 

John C. Chafifin Fund 1,064.89 64.89 1,000.00 

William N. Craig Fund 2,398.40 101.60 2,500.00 

Benjamin H. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,326.51 99.51 3,227.00 

John S. Farlow Fund 2,501.17 1.17 2,500.00 

John S. Farlow Fund — Newton 

Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 500.00 500.00 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 

John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 

John D. Williams French Fund 11,829.79 147.91 11,681.88 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 1 775.50 275.50 500.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 



87 



H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 2 $1,952.50 $47.50 $2,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 3 1,525.00 25.00 1,500.00 

John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 1,302.00 502.00 800.00 

Thomas Roland Fund 3,514.71 514.71 3,000.00 

John Lewis Russell Fund 1,345.98 345.98 1,000.00 

Show Fund 35,000.00 35,000.00 

William J. Walker Fund 2,354.67 .24 2,354.43 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 503.50 3.50 500.00 

George Robert White Fund 11,395.10 1,395.10 10,000.00 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Total $165,184.74 $8,471.01 $156,713.73 

Income to be used for General Purposes 

Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 

John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Helen Collamore Fund ■ 5,000.00 5,000.00 

Arthur F. Estabrook 47,500.00 47,500.00 

Ida F. Estabrook 11,238.76 11,238.76 

Caroline F. Freeman Fund . 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Francis Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 

Francis Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Margaret Whitney Fund 100.00 100.00 

Total $276,943.30 $276,943.30 

SPRING SHOWS, 1935 AND 1934 

Income , 1935 n < 1934 ^ 

Tickets: 

Regular admission $48,781.75 $51,118.75 

Trade tickets 3,408.25 3,574.25 

Students' tickets 1,666.50 137.25 

Members' tickets 8,001.18 5,843.00 

Garden club tickets 6,214.43 3,033.75 

Women's Club tickets 63.00 

Miscellaneous tickets 36.00 166.00 

$68,108.11 $63,936.00 

Programs ." 39.40 232.33 

Flower booth 661.86 599.45 

Checking 376.65 400.10 

Restaurant 1,294.22 1,240.18 



88 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Trade space $8,620.31 

Wheel chairs 129.85 

Peat and paper 657.12 

Miscellaneous 5.74 

$79,893.26 
Expenditures 

Printing $ 605.60 

Advertising 6,406.76 

Postage 383.28 

Supplies 756.97 

Salaries 6,113.72 

Rentals 8,526.49 

Trees and plants, etc 1,539.22 

Prizes 22,169.16 

Garden clubs expense , . 1,500.00 

Commissions paid 3,666.83 

Insurance 259.08. 

Gardeners' awards 1,000.00 

Music 230.00 

Medals and certificates 730.14 

Decorating 2,221.10 

Incidentals 2,190.52 

Judges and committee expense . 760.44 

59,059.31 



Excess of Income over Expenditure — 

transferred to General Income $20,833.95 

"HORTICULTURE" 

Income and Expenditure 

Year ended 
Income December 31, 1935 

Advertising $31,263 32 

Subscriptions 19,447.01 

Books 233.27 

Garden Club News 1,851.67 

Miscellaneous 1,895.62 

$54,690.89 

Expenditure 

Printing $21,657.62 

Paper 9,666.85 

Cuts 3,324.39 

Wrappers 504.12 

Postage 4,292.64 



$7,368.40 

96.73 

749.01 

13.00 

$74,635.20 



$1,989.05 
5,717.75 

422.55 

590.82 

4,264.41 

8,371.65 

1,285.40 

18,665.77 

500.00 
3,775.35 

231.58 

750.00 
1,500.00 

973.10 
1,839.57 
1,757.23 

636.66 



53,270.89 



$21,364.31 



Year ended 
December 31, 1934 

$19,075.15 

18,459.35 

522.06 

2,770.38 

1,161.95 

$41,988.89 

$17,825.02 

6,829.97 

2,844.63 

530.16 

4,339.95 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 89 

Books $ 249.43 $ 361.83 

Garden Club News 1,589.41 1,462.86 

Commissions and discounts .... 4,545.29 3,361.82 

Contributors 1,843.18 810.25 

Salary 3,966.63 

Miscellaneous 2,492.70 3,642.34 

54,132.26 42,008.83 



Net Income or Loss $558.63 $19.94 

BUILDING EXPENSE 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1935 31, 1934 

Labor $10,363.00 $10,148 53 

Supplies , 384.99 218.72 

Heating 1,496.55 1,270.70 

Lighting 1,626.50 1,809.03 

Telephone .60 82.35 

Repairs 1,899.46 1,325.86 

Insurance 1 816.75 2,064.45 

Incidentals 399.36 440.47 

Printing 65.20 



Total $16,987.21 $17,425.31 

LIBRARY APPROPRIATION ACCOUNT 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1935 31, 1934 

Printing $ 31.83 $ 66.25 

Binding and repairs 1,204.13 1,564.56 

Books and periodicals 146.99 461.92 

Supplies 168.14 148.32 

Postage 14.90 26.75 

Extra labor and salaries 188.38 147.09 

Incidentals 1.50 4.95 



Total $1,755.87 $2,419.84 

LIBRARY EXPENSE ACCOUNT 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1935 31, 1934 

Salaries $3,860.00 $3,894.63 

Stationery and postage 97.17 90.38 



90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Supplies $4.65 $17.59 

Printing 10.00 

Insurance 9.60 10.13 

Repairs 68.00 1.90 

Incidentals 5.70 



Total $4,055.12 $4,014.63 



OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31,1935 31,1934 

Salaries $15,924.25 $17,582.59 

Stationery and postage 2,522.47 2,030.52 

Printing 1,680.21 1,965.44 

Supplies 495.56 298.55 

Telephone and telegraph .- 628.82 614.31 

Traveling 162.09 224.52 

Repairs 24.75 11.35 

Binding 21.22 5.27 

Members' subscriptions to "Horticulture" 6,057.47 5,652.87 

Incidentalss 1,038.26 895.43 

Total $28,555.10 $29,280.85 

MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31,1935 31,1934 

Salary $2,187.74 $1,768.11 

Stationery and postage 40.26 4.43 

Printing 473.31 560.32 

Supplies 124.98 141.90 

Advertising 50.00 66 90 

Exhibition committee fees 520.00 560.00 

Prize committee fees 165.00 

Judges' expense 46.88 27.85 

Traveling 344.66 439.65 

Incidentals 181.87 61.08 

Repairs 85.65 

Total $4,134.70 $3,715.89 



92 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Committee on the Library 

During 1935 the reading room maintained its popularity. 
Telephone calls increased in number, and questions were 
varied. The number of books borrowed, however, fell off 
slightly ; 5,362 volumes were taken out, as against 5,513 a year 
ago. 

Two series of classes brought visitors to the room, and gave 
direction to the reading of the students enrolled. One of these 
was the course in systematic botany offered by our own Society. 
The other was the series given by the National Association of 
Gardeners. For the latter, the reading room was open every 
Wednesday evening. 

During 1935, 491 volumes were added to the library. The 
botany course led the committee to strengthen that part of the 
book collection, and to purchase a set of large-scale drawings 
and diagrams illustrating cultivated genera. These drawings, 
first used in the course and then displayed in our show cases, 
were unusually effective and popular. Several volumes were 
presented to the library. For these gifts and for the friendly 
interest which prompted them, we thank the donors most 
heartily. A full list in the Year Book will record their generos- 
ity permanently. 

In January 1936 the Board of Trustees, at the request of 
the Library Committee, set aside $1,000 toward the cost of re- 
classifying and recataloguing the books. The present system 
was installed in 1906. The past 30 years have seen many ad- 
vances in horticulture, in library technique, and in the use of 
the library, so that while the book collection itself has kept up 
with the times, it cannot be used with full effectiveness. Work 
cannot begin at once, but it is most satisfying to be able to look 
forward to it. 

One of the questions most often asked is where plants or 
seeds may be bought. Last year we received nearly 800 cata- 
logues, from 21 countries, and we are constantly watching for 
new names. Good specialists in unusual lines, are of the great- 
est interest to us, for such material is hard to locate through 
the usual trade channels. Old catalogues, too, are valuable — 
the older the better. Probably few people know that our oldest 
catalogue was issued in 1776, that we have five earlier than 
1800, and that 33 countries are represented in our collection. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 93 

We should be glad to receive either old or new catalogues of 
special interest. 

We would emphasize the fact that the library is for the use 
of all members of the Society, wherever they may live, and 
that its service is not limited to sending out specified books. It 
has many ways of providing even quite detailed information 
and the more its resources are tested the better they become. 
It does not promise the complete answer to every question^ — 
sometimes the answer is not yet known — but it does promise 
its best efforts, and it looks forward to the time when every 
member of the Society will be upon its active list. 

Nathaniel T. Kidder, ChaArman. 



Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 

Some ten or twelve years ago, interest in horticulture 
seemed to be at a low ebb and difficulty was found in obtaining 
a satisfactory attendance at the lectures held in this building. 
For that reason, regular lecture courses were abandoned. Now, 
with renewed interest in ail phases of gardening activity, lec- 
tures are again being held, with an attendance which is highly 
gratifying. So far, however, the committee has elected to ob- 
tain the services of such well-known speakers as may happen 
to be in this section from time to time rather than endeavoring 
to establish a definite course. 

Dr. Ivan H. Crowell of Boston lectured on "The Diseases of 
Trees" in September, Professor Ralph W. Curtis of Cornell 
University lectured on "Trees for Decorative Purposes" in 
October and W. E. Marshall of New York City lectured on 
"Lilies" in November, this lecture being paid for from the 
William N. Craig Fund. One of the outstanding features of 
the Society's work was a course in gardening practice given by 
Mrs. Julia A. Latimer of Mamaroneck, N. Y., eight lectures in 
all. This course was largely attended and proved extremely 
popular. 

An interesting experiment was made in March when the 
hall was open to the Dahlia Society of New England for a 
lecture on Sunday afternoon. The experiment was a success, 
for the attendance was large, two-thirds of those present 
being men. This is an unusually large percentage of men, but, 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

of course, the dahlia is usually considered to be particularly a 
man's flower. 

Another experiment was made at the Daffodil Show in 
1936, when a lecture was held in the evening. The attendance 
was also large at this lecture, the speaker being Mrs. F. Stuart 
Foote of Grand Rapids, Mich., who discussed daffodils, illus- 
trating her remarks with colored slides. 

Although the monthly meetings are under the direction of a 
special committee, most of the lectures have to be passed on by 
this committee, inasmuch as the lecturers are usually paid 
from the Society's lecture appropriation. 

This Spring, a class in landscape gardening is being con- 
ducted by the educational department of the state, with the 
co-operation of this Society, the lectures being given by Mr. 
Robert S. Sturtevant in one of the Society's halls. 

The circulation of Horticulture has continued to increase, 
although this magazine, like all similar publications, has had 
many difficulties to contend with in recent years. Mr. James 
Geehan continues as advertising manager and has helped to in- 
crease the revenue. He has made many trips in the interest of 
the paper. 

The supplement Gardening in New England has proved use- 
ful in providing a means by which to bring to the attention of 
gardeners in New England matters which cannot be consid- 
ered of national importance. It is hoped that members of the 
Society will read this supplement carefully in order that they 
may be informed about coming events of all kinds, particularly 
flower shows and garden club meetings. A special supplement 
was issued for the Spring Flower Show with a large edition. 

No new bulletins have been issued, but some of the others 
have been reprinted. There continues to be a particularly 
heavy demand for Mrs. Helen Noyes Webster's bulletin on 
"Herbs." 

WiNTHROP L. Carter, Chairman. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 95 

Report of the Exhibition Committee 

It is customary each year, at the annual meeting of the 
Society, for the Exhibition Committee to make a report rela- 
tive to the flower shows of the Society held during the year, 
and to then make such observations as it sees fit on the future 
operations of shows and other things connected therewith. 

Last June, on the 20th and 21st of the month, to be exact, a 
free show was held in co-operation with the American Peony 
Society. During the two days 7,229 people came to the show, 
and as compared with similar exhibitions held in years pre- 
vious, it proved to be exceptionally fine as a peony show, but 
there were almost no roses and very few vegetables, and dis- 
plays of fruits were limited to a few baskets of strawberries of 
rather exceptional quality. 

It is to be genuinely regretted that our June Show does not 
bring out more exhibits of roses and early-blooming perennials. 
At last year's June Show lilies of exceptional quality were 
shown. The Exhibition Committee- wishes that there was some 
way to impress our members with the fact that we wish to 
build up future June shows by having many more rose entries 
than in the past, and by studying the rose classes in last year's 
schedule it will be seen that many small rose growers could 
make entries if they cared to. This annual June Show is an 
admirable one for small exhibitors, and it is greatly to be 
hoped that in reading this report, when it is published in the 
Year Book, our members will take these words to heart and 
help us in the future to make our rose classes and our June 
Show of more general interest. 

An experiment was made this past year in connection with 
the mid-Summer and late-Summer exhibitions featuring 
gladioli and dahlias respectively, both free shows. The Mid- 
Summer Exhibition was run in co-operation with the New 
England Gladiolus Society, and on the two days of August 17 
and 18, 6,515 people inspected the exhibits. The Late-Summer 
Exhibition, held September 14 and 15, and run in co-operation 
with the New England Dahlia Society, drew approximately 
6,000 people.. The experiment tried at these two shows was the 
offering of first and second prize ribbons in the miscellaneous 
classes in which lilies, annuals and perennials, and fruits and 
vegetables were included. As an experiment, this plan perhaps 



96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

was worth trying, but the Exhibition Committee and the Prize 
Committee jointly are opposed to carrying on this idea of 
ribbon prizes in the future, and this coming year our schedules 
will be written, offering cash prizes as in the past. 

On October 15, 16 and 17, the Society ran a large free show. 
This was called the Fruit and Vegetable Exhibition, and we 
had at this show an attendance of 8,781 people. The greatest in- 
terest centered around some surprisingly fine exhibits of hardy 
chrysanthemums and hardy asters, and favorable comment 
should also be made on the fruit and vegetable displays, some 
of which were very extensive. 

On November 20, 21 and 22, the Autumn Flower Show drew 
an attendance of 11,239 people. Twenty-five cents admission 
was charged for this show, and tickets were distributed in ad- 
vance to our entire membership. This was an experiment which 
drew forth a certain amount of criticism, but nevertheless it 
seems logical that in a Society such as this, where members 
receive so much and are asked to do so little, that it is not over- 
burdening our membership to ask them to help build up at- 
tendance at our shows by some form of individual effort, which 
they should regard as a privilege, and not as a burden. Such 
a Society as this can only grow if it is backed up by its mem- 
bership in a 100 per cent co-operative spirit. This last show of 
the year 1935 showed a slight profit. The outstanding exhibits 
were of course chrysanthemums, but we also had some splendid 
orchid displays and some fine specimens in the flowering plant 
classes. The dates of November 20, 21 and 22 are considered 
too late by your Exhibition Committee, and chrysanthemum 
shows will be held in the future earlier in the month of 
November. 

Throughout the year, the outlook for the Annual Spring 
Flower Show, held this year on March 23 to March 29 inclu- 
sive, was exceedingly bright. The week before the show 
opened the most serious floods ever experienced in the New 
England states at one time made it appear as if the show, as 
planned, would not be staged. To our exhibitors, the greatest 
credit is due. Obstacles were overcome by certain ones of our 
exhibitors that seemed impossible to meet. The show, when it 
opened, was complete as planned, not a single exhibitor 
failed to complete the major exhibits. The flood conditions 
however did seriously affect the gate receipts, and although 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 97 

the show will go down in history as one of our best Spring 
flower shows, it is a regrettable fact that the financial figures 
were disappointing as compared with previous years. 

A judge's dinner was held on the opening night of this 
year's Spring Flower Show. This was very successful. The 
show was held open one extra day, Sunday, March 29, for the 
benefit of flood relief, but the day turned out to be the first 
really warm Spring day of the year and the attendance was 
therefore most disappointing. We were able to make a gift of 
some real value to the Red Cross, nevertheless, and certain 
ones of the trade exhibitors gave a portion of their day's re- 
ceipts in addition to half of the gate receipts donated by the 
Society. 

In 1934 this Society, for the first time in its history, held an 
informal and unscheduled Daffodil Show, and it aroused suffi- 
cient interest among our members to warrant repetition. 

It was impossible to run this show in 1935 because our halls 
were rented for the exact dates suitable for a Daffodil exhibi- 
tion, but early in this past year it was decided to develop the 
idea of a specialized bulb show for 1936, and although no sched- 
ule for it was published, and no prize money was offered, cer- 
tain key exhibitors were contacted, and the dates were set for 
April 30 and May 1. Several of our trustees generously offered 
some sweepstake prizes, and it was gratifying to report that 
this second Spring bulb show, known as the Daffodil and Tulip 
Show, was most worth-w^hile. 

On the afternoon of the first day, it was opened exclusively 
to members of the Society and their guests. In the evening a 
lecture was given by Mrs. F. Stuart Foote of Grand Rapids, 
Mich., and on the second day of the show, the public seemed to 
throughly enjoy the beautifully staged exhibits in which sev- 
eral hundred varieties of daffodils and tulips were shown. 

During the past year, the Rule Book was completely revised, 
the work being done by the Exhibition Committee, with the 
co-operation of the Prize Committee, and this book was used 
for the first time at our Spring Show, some of the revisions be- 
ing of a minor nature and some sections showing considerable 
change from the former Rule Book. In bringing this report of 
the activities of the Exhibition Committee to a close, I wish to 
thank our President, Mr. Webster, on behalf of the committee, 
for his interest in our work and his frequent attendance at our 



98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

meetings when he invariably gave us valuable advice and 
assistance in the making of our exhibition plans. To Mr. 
Farrington, our Secretary, I also offer the thanks of the Exhi- 
bition Committee for the time and thought which he has given 
to those of our problems that we took to him, and last but not 
least, the Exhibition Committee, with its chairman speaking 
loudest of all, records the work of Mr. Arno H. Nehrling, our 
peerless show manager. It is largely due to his untiring efforts 
that our shows have been so successful since he came to this 
organization. 

Harold S. Ross, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 

Each year the Committee on Prizes scans the list of medals 
which it has given during the previous twelve months in order 
to see if improvement in methods of awarding them may be 
made and their value increased. We strive to make these 
awards more desirable to exhibitors, and toward this end our 
exhibition medals are now given by the Prize Committee to 
exhibits of exceptional merit. 

The selection of judges and their proper grouping is un- 
doubtedly the foundation of successful judging. To achieve 
satisfactory results, it seems necessary in each group of three 
judges, to have important factors, such as culture, design and 
tradition and general artistic feeling, represented each by an 
expert. We advise a judge to allow himself to be influenced by 
the expert of the particular subject under consideration. 

The Prize Committee feels that it has been very fortunate 
this year in securing such competent men and women to judge 
its shows, and we wish to express our appreciation of their 
work, the quality of which is constantly improving. 

The point system which the Society uses as a basis of its 
judging has often been under fire, and many times justly so. 
However, we feel it is not the fault of the system but the mis- 
application of it due many times to the lack of proper balance 
in the drawing up of the scale of points. We have tried to cor- 
rect these faults by making several changes in our latest Rule 
Book whereby the more important factors of a well-rounded 
exhibit are given greater emphasis. 

Our opinion is that an important value of the point system 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1936 99 

lies in the influence which a judge may exert in the final ver- 
dict when there is a disagreement among them. The principle 
of the point system provides concrete evidence as to how the 
judges arrived at their decision, the results of which may be 
shown the exhibitor. This is one of the principal reasons why 
it is so necessary for the Society to hold to such a system, for 
the problems of awarding medals and plate are much more 
serious than the bestowing of ribbons. 

In accordance with our decision last year to have the 
judges' comments made public by exposing them on exhibits, 
we wish to report that the reaction of the exhibitors has been 
favorable, and we believe this custom will have a tendency to 
improve exhibits. 

William Ellery, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 
Products of Children's G-ardens 

Miss Marian Roby Case, the chairman of this committee, 
read a brief report which summarized the results of the 1935 
Exhibition sponsored by this committee and asked that the 
history of the Children's Gardens Exhibitions be printed in 
the Year Book. This will be found on page 40. 

The Result of the Balloting 

The polls were closed at 4 p.m., 74 votes having been cast, 
and the following were declared elected: 

President, Edv^in S. Webster 
Vice-President y William Ellery 
Trustees, Walter Hunnewell 

Miss Marian R. Case 

Harlan P. Kelsey 

Charles K. Cummings 
• Louis A. Shaw 

Mrs. Roger S. Warner 



Massachusetts Horticultural 

Society 



HONORARY MEMBER 

]900 Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, New York. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado. 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 

1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South 

Australia. 
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 
1925 F. R. S. Balfour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland. 
1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew, England. 
1925 G. H. Cave, Ashton-under-Hill, England. 

1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass. 

1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural 
Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England. 

1925 WooN Young Chun, Sun Yatsen University, Canton, China. 

1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia. 

1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland. 

1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, 
Sydney, New South Wales. 

1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 

1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 

1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 

1925 I. B. Pole Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director 
Botanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa. 

1925 G. Fraser, Ucluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 

1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C, F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Garden, 
Trinidad. 

1900 Beverly T. Gallov^ay, Department of Agriculture, Washington, 

D.C. 
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 

101 



102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, South Carolina. 

1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 

1925 Joseph Hers, Shanghai, China. 

1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California. 

1925 Hermann A. Hesse, Weener, Germany. 

1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, 
England. 

1925 E. HiLLiER, Winchester, England. 

1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, South Carolina. 

1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, New York. 

1925 Profes.^or H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking, 
China. 

1925 Mr^. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 

1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Washington, D. C. 

1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 

1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 

1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, New York. 

1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia. 

1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 

1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England. 

1925 Donald MacGregor, care Royal Gardens, Kew, England. 

1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland. 

1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart, F.R.S., D.C.L., 

Wigtownshire, North Britain. 
1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, New York. 
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo, 

Japan. 
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vemisson (Loiret), France. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 
1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily. 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 103 

1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Garden, Kew, England. 
1921 L. Rod WAY, C.M.G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Botanic 

Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania. 
1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany. 
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 

1925 Sir William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens, 
Edinburgh, Scotland. 

1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany. 

1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin, 
New Zealand. 

1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 

1918 F. GoMER Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England. 

1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 
Australia. 

1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England. 
1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England. 
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown^ Pennsylvania. 

1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



Abbott, Mrs, Arthur G,, Wakefield 
Abbott, Mrs. Emery, Reading 
Abbott, Mr. Frank L., Worcester 
Abbott, Mrs. George W., Wakefield 
Aborn, Mr. Willard G., Barrington, R, I. 
Adams, Mr. George Wendell, Boston 
Adams, Mrs. L. Sherman, Wellesley 
Adams, Mrs. Richard H., Derry, N. H. 
Affleck, Mrs. Ralph M., South Portland, 

Maine 
Ahearn, Mr. W. Joseph, Cochituate 
Akin, Mrs. Wm. Markham, Alton, 111. 
Akins, Miss Esther M., Brookline 
Albee, Mrs. Maud, Uxbridge 
Alden, Mr. Arthur H., Quincy 
Aldrich, Mrs. A. P., Laconia, N. H. 
Alexander, Mrs. Georgia, Nashua, N. H. 
Alger, Miss Irene R., Attleboro 
Allen, Mrs. Arthur W., Brookline 
Allen, Mrs. Claire R., Brockton 
Allen, Miss Cora, Walpole 
Allen, Mrs. Ellwood, Perrysburg, Ohio 
Allen, Miss Grace Abbie, East Lynn 
Allen, Mrs. Henry W., Ossipee, N. H. 
Allgrove, Mr. Charles J. Jr., North 

Wilmington 
Allison, Mrs. Mary, Belmont 
Almquist, Mr. Herbert, Weymouth 
Amann, Mrs. Rudolf, Auburndale 
Ammen, Mrs. I. G., Hopedale 
Anderson, Miss Helen N., Everett 
Anderson, Mrs. Jennie C, Boston 
Anderson, Mr. W. David, Cambridge 
Andrews, Mrs. Chester, Walpole 
Andrews, Mrs. J. Edson, Andover 
Anslow, Miss Keziah J., Mattapan 
Arentzen, Miss Alida G., Hyde Park 
Arnold, Mrs. Clifford B., Whitinsville 
Atherton, Mr. Harry, WoUaston 
Arthur, Mr. Franklin, Portland, Maine 
Atwood, Miss Rena L., Brockton 
Austin, Mrs. Charles V., Norwood 
Averell, Mr. Merle L., Whitman 
Bacon, Mr. A. Barry, Marshfield Hills 
Bacon, Miss Elizabeth, Worcester 
Bainbridge, Mrs. John P., Hingham 
Baker, Mrs. Barbara W., Sherborn 
Baker, Mrs. Donald V., Newton 
Baker, Mrs. Frank E., Taunton 
Baker, Mrs. Leah T., Westwood 
Baker, Miss Mary C, Sandwich-on-Cape 

Cod 
Baker, Mrs. Wm. B., West Newton 
Baldwin, Miss Margaret M., Boston 
Ballard, Mr. E. H., Swampscott 
Bancroft, Mrs. Edward W., Wellesley 

Hills 
Bannister, Mrs, G. W., Forest Hills 
Barker, Mrs. Annie R., Arlington 
Barnes, Miss Ella R., Maiden 
Barnes, Mrs. William R., New York City 
Barrel!, Miss Katherine, White River 

Junction, Vermont 
Barrow, Mrs. Ralph, Boston 



Barstow, Mrs. George B., Gardiner, 

Maine 
Bartholomae, Mrs. Hugo J., Greens 

Farms, Conn. 
Bartlett, Mrs. Arline M., Hingham 
Bartlett, Mrs. J. Gardner, Cambridge 
Bartlett, Miss Mary E., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Bartlett, Miss Pauline E., Lexington 
Bartlett, Mr. Sidney W., Boston 
Bartlett, Mr. Stanley, Springfield 
Bartlett, Mrs. Wm. M., Brookline 
Bassett, Mrs. I. Franklin, Southville 
Bastow, Mr. Stuart, Jr., Saylesville, R. I. 
Batchelor, Mrs. Henry B., Brookline 
Bateman, Miss Agnes V., Lawrence 
Bates, Miss Josephine B., Cambridge, 
Bauernfeind, Mrs. Lillie, Medford 
Bayley, Mr. Edwin A., Boston 
Bayley, Mrs. Lucia W., Boston 
Bean, Mrs. Warren O., Franklin, N. H. 
Beaulieu, Mr. Raymond, Dublin, N. H. 
Beers, Mrs. Samuel J., Framingham 
Bell, Mr. James B., West Medford 
Benedict, Mrs. Edward, Chestnut Hill 
Benjamin, Mr. Wallace L., Arlington 
Bennett, Mrs. Frances C, Milton 
Bennett, Mrs. Sarah F., Ayer 
Bent, Mrs. Fenwick, W., Quincy 
Berg, Mr. Carl A. R., Dedham 
Bernhard, Mrs. Arthur F., Belmont 
Berry, Mrs. Gordon, Worcester 
Best, Mrs. William Hall, West Newton 
Bethell, Mrs. John W., South Essex 
Bicknell, Mrs. Alvah H., West Somerville 
Bicknell, Mrs. J. Leonard, South Wey- 
mouth 
Bigelow, Miss Gladys M., Newton Centre 
Bigelow, Mrs. William P., Amherst 
Biggs, Mr. Robert W., Dedham 
Bigney, Mrs. Abbie L., Brockton 
BiUings, Miss Mary H., Northampton 
Birckhead, Philip G. Esq., Fairfield, 

Conn. 
Bird, Miss H. Gertrude, South Acton 
Bird, Miss Harriet E., Cambridge 
Bird, Mrs. Reginald W., Boston 
Birdsall, Mrs. John, Haverhill 
Black, Miss Catherine A., Quincy 
Black, Mr. Fred H., Whitman 
Blain, Mrs. Joseph C, Mattapan 
Blanchard, Mr, Charles V., Cambridge 
Blanchard, Mr. Fred M., Danvers 
Blue, Miss Marion F., Newton Highlands 
Bodwell, Mrs. H. A., Andover 
Boicourt, Mrs. William, Shirley 
Bokee, Miss Margaret, Newport, R. I. 
Boltz, Mrs. Peter D., Weston 
Bond, Mrs. C. Lawrence, Topsfield 
Bond, Mr. Herman L., Watertown 
Boody, Miss Mary W., Brookline 
Borden, Miss Leah, Grafton 
Borden, Mr. Neil H., East Lexington 
Boswell, Mr. Leslie A., Providence, R. I. 



104 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



105 



Bourne, Mrs. Edgar, Gardner 
Bourne, Miss P. Marjorie, Marion 
Boutilier, Miss Edna A., Everett 
Boutwell, Mrs. Louis E., Maiden 
Bowen, Mrs. James, Riverside, Conn. 
Bowen, Mrs. Robert M., Concord 
Bowen, Mr. Walter E., Watertow^n 
Bowker, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Worcester 
Bowles, Miss Adah N., Cambridge 
Bowles, Mrs. C, Middleboro 
Boyd, Mr. Charles M., Newton 
Boyd, Miss Edna R., New Castle, N. H. 
Boyd, Mrs. Walter E., Hudson 
Boyden, Mr. Albert, Boston 
Boyes, Mrs. Grace M., Bradford 
Bradford, Mr. Dale, Bryan, Ohio 
Bradley, Mrs. J. P., Saugatuck, Conn. 
Bradley, Mrs. Ralph, Boston 
Bradley, Mr. Richards M., Boston 
Brady, Mr. Arthur C, West Roxbury 
Bragdon, Mr. Stacy L., Wellesley 
Bragg, Miss Kate L., Taunton 
Bragg, Miss Nancy M., Holliston 
Brask, Mrs. Antoinette W., Lexington 
Bray, Mrs. Robert C, Brookline 
Breed, Mrs. Charles B., Newtonville 
Breen, Mrs. D. J., Boston 
Brennan, Miss Elizabeth, Roxbury 
Brett, Mrs. Chester S., Brookline 
Brewster, Miss Harriet, Dedham 
Bridge, Mrs. Harrison G., Brookline 
Brigham, Mr. Ernest W., Newton Centre 
Brigham, Mrs. Helen W., Billerica 
Bristol, Mrs. Burt M., Cohasset 
Bristol, Mrs, C. B., Newton Centre 
Brooks, Miss Florence L., Pramingham 
Brooks, Mr, J. Hapgood, 3rd, Holden 
Brotchie, Mr. Everett A., Weston 
Brouillette, Mr. Wilfrid W., Salem 
Brown, Mrs. Charles, Winchendon 
Brown, Miss Eleanor, Waban 
Brown, Mrs. Ellen T., Newburyport 
Brown, Mr. Frank Chouteau, Boston 
Brown, Mrs. Frank Chouteau, Boston 
Brown, Mrs. Holcombe J., West Newton 
Brown, Mr. Lawrence E,, Lynn 
Brown, Mrs. Preston, Vineyard Haven 
Brown, Mr. R. B., Smithtown, N. H, 
Brown, Mrs. Richard B, Jr,, East 

Braintree 
Brown, Mr. Robert, Norwood 
Brown, Mrs. Robert, Norwood 
Bryant, Mrs. Herbert A., Braintree 
Bryant, Mr, Walter T., Newton Centre 
Bruggemann, Mr. L. G., Hingham 
Buchanan, Miss Minnie C, Somerville 
Bundy, Mrs. Frederick McG., Boston 
Burgess, Miss Amy J., Waltham 
Burgess, Mrs. Elmer P., Rockport 
Burgess, Miss Louisa W., Dorchester 
Burgin, Mrs. Clarence, Quincy 
Burlingham, Miss Mildred Salina, 

Brookline 
Burnham, Mrs. Belle P., Braintree 



Burr, Mrs. Henry E., Grove Hall 
Burrage, Mrs. Paul, Weston 
Burrill, Mrs. Anna, East Bridgewater 
Burt, Mr. Arthur H., Hyde Park 
Burton, Mrs. Lilla A., Boston 
Butler, Miss Sarah D., New Orleans, La. 
Butterworth, Mr. Elwell R., Winchest'Cr 
Buttiglieri, Mr. Frank, Brookline 
Cadario, Mr, John A., Arlington 
Cahill, Mr, Charles T„ Cambridge 
Cahill, Mrs. Clarence E., Marblehead 
Cahill, Mr, Dennis, Chestnut Hill 
Caiger, Mrs. Gertrude K. B., Roslindale 
Call, Mrs, Edward E., Swampscott 
Campbell, Mr. Daniel, Manchester 
Campbell, Mr. John W., Revere 
Campbell, Miss Minnie W., Newburyport 
Canfield, Mrs. Grace W., Augusta, Maine 
Cannon, Miss Beulah, Tyringham 
Capen, Mrs, Chester M., Norwood 
Capron, Miss Maude E., Newtonville 
Carey, Mr. Francis J., Watertown 
Carey, Mrs. Jennie E., Brockton 
Carissimi, Mrs. Effie P., Lynn 
Carley, Mrs. Adah L,, Waltham 
Carley, Mr. Howard R., Waltham 
Carlson, Miss Helga M., East Lexington 
Carlson, Mr. Hugo, West Roxbury 
Carpenter, Mr. Prank W., Attleboro 
Carroll, Miss Ellen E., Boston 
Cartwright, Miss Elma P., West Somer- 
ville 
Chaffee, Mrs. C. L., Providence, R. I. 
Chamberlain, Mr. Everett J., Johnstown, 

New York 
Chamberlin, Mrs. Edwin M. Jr., 

Belmont 
Chamberlin, Mrs. Herbert B., Hanover 
Champlin, Mrs. Wm. H., Rochester, 

N. H. 
Chandler, Miss Florence A., Penacook, 

N. H. 
Chapin, Mrs. S. B. Jr., Greenwich, Conn. 
Chapin, Mr. Theodore H., West Somer- 
ville 
Chapman, Mr. Clarence P., Vineyard 

Haven 
Chapman, Miss Edna E., Concord 
Chapman, Mr. Ernest D., Clarks Falls, 

Conn. 
Chase, Mrs. Albert W., Foxboro 
Chase, Mrs. Charles P., Everett 
Chase, Mr. Fred P., Randolph 
Chase, Mrs. John H., East Milton 
Chick, Mrs. B. P., Swampscott 
Childs, Mrs. D. H., Canton 
Childs, Mr. Kenneth M., Needham 
Chillingworth, Mrs. Felix P., Jamaica 

Plain 
Christison, Mr. Leslie, Andover 
Chute, Mr. Burton A., Hyde Park 
Citron, Mr. S. I., Boston 
Clapp, Miss Edith R., Boston 
Clapp, Mrs. Harold E., Concord 



106 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Clapp, Mrs, Roger, Brookline 

Clare, Miss Mary D., Boston 

Clark, Mr. Alexander W., West Roxbury 

Clark, Mr. 0. E„ Watertown 

Clark, Mr. C. Munroe, Medfield 

Clark, Mr. Charles H., Newton 

Clark, Mrs. Mildred B., Wellesley 

Clark, Mrs. Perley E., Somerville 

Clark, Mrs. Robert M., Natick 

Clark, Mr. Robert Molyneaux, Jamaica 

Plain 
Clarke, Mrs. Lawrence T., Boston 
Clay, Mrs. Cecil, Belfast, Maine 
Cleary, Miss Katherine E., Reading 
Clebnik, Mr. Meyer Dyke, Lynn 
Clement, Mrs. Kimball, Haverhill 
Clements, Mr. George B,, Norton 
Clevenger, Mrs. Galen H., Newtonville 
Cloney, Mrs. William T., Dorchester 
Coburn, Miss Alice M., Cambridge 
Coburn, Mrs. Fordyce, Wilton, N. H. 
Coffin, Miss Charlotte, Dorchester 
Coffin, Dr. Susan M., Boston 
Coggan, Mrs. Linus C, Hingham 
Cole, Mr. Arthur T., Whitman 
Cole, Mrs. H. G., Maiden 
Collins, Mr. Charles D., Somerville 
Collins, Mrs. Hawley J., Bradford 
Collins, Mrs. John A., Watertown 
Collins, Mrs. John P., Westfield 
Colman, Mr. Jere, Cambridge 
Comley, Mr. Joseph J., Waltham 
Comstock, Mrs. W. Ogilvie, Brookline 
Conant, Miss Ella A., Watertown 
Connell, Mrs. William T., Winchester 
Connell, Mrs. Winifred M., Framingham 
Conner, Mr. H. T., Macon, Georgia 
Cook, Mrs. F. Sears, Billerica 
Cooke, Mrs. John S., Boston 
Cooke, Mrs. John W., Newton Centre 
Coolidge, Mr. Amory, Boston 
Coolidge, Miss Rosamond, Cambridge 
Corbett, Miss Mary K., Milton 
Corcoran, Dr. John G., South Hamilton 
Corey, Miss Eva D., Brookline 
Corwin, Mrs. Elsie Powers, West 

Medford 
Coss, Miss Millicent M., Framingham 

Center 
Cossey, Miss Grace M., Boston 
Cotter, Mr. Daniel J., Somerville 
Cottle, Miss Mary E., Dorchester 
Couch, Miss Sarah H., Derry Village, 

N. H. 
Coulter, Mr. Melvin L., Holbrook 
Cowen, Mr. William B., Topsfield 
Cox, Mr. Charles B., Roxbury 
Cox, Mrs. Guy W., Boston 
Cox, Mr. James J., Hyde Park 
Cox, Mrs. William S., Brookline 
Coyne, Mrs. Francis J., Cambridge 
Crandall, Miss I. Leah, Dorchester 
Crane, Miss Marie A., Taunton 
Cray, Mr. John F., Jamaica Plain 



Cray, Mr. M. T., Chestnut Hill 
Cressey, Mr. Robert F., Beverly 
Crocker, Mrs. C. Thomas, 3rd., Fitchburg 
Crocker, Mr. Winthrop, Waltham 
Croft, Mrs. Walter J., Jamaica Plain 
Crooker, Mrs. Bertha A., South Wey- 
mouth 
Crooker, Mr. Herbert P., South Wey- 
mouth 
Crosby, Miss Doris 
Crosby Mr. John S., Arlington 
Crosby, Mrs. P. R., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Cross, Mrs. Myron M., South Lancaster 
Culbertson, Mr. A. J., South Natick 
Cullin, Miss Alice M., West Somerville 
Cunningham, Mrs. Guy, Brookline 
Curl, Mrs. Elsie M., Melrose 
Currier, Miss Myra L., Wakefield 
Currul, Mrs. W. H., Nashua, N. H. 
Curtis, Mrs. Eleanor H., Boston 
Curtis, Mrs. Ernest S., Gloucester 
Curtis, Mrs. Gertrude F., Ballardvale 
Curtis, Justin Alonzo C, Newport, 

Vermont 
Curtis, Mr. Paul O., Boston 
Cushman, Mrs. Roy M., Melrose 
Cutler, Mr. Warren W., Auburn 
Daesen, Miss Lillian J., Dorchester 
Dakin, Mr. George W., Marblehead 
Dallison, Mrs. Miles F, P., Lowell 
Damon, Miss Jennie, Eastport, Maine 
Da Prato, Mrs. John, Everett 
Darby, Rev. William, North Easton 
Dasha, Mr. Laugh ton B., North Wey- 
mouth 
Davis, Mr. Albert H., West Roxbury 
Davis, Mr. Arthur J., Reading 
Davis, Mrs. Dorothy, Harwich Port 
Davis, Mr. Frank S., Needham 
Davis, Mr. Joseph T., Waltham 
Davis, Mrs. Leon H., Centre Newton 
Davis, Mrs. Millicent S., Bradford 
Dawes, Mrs. C. L., Cambridge 
Dawes, Mrs. Sally Freeman, Island 

Creek 
Day, Mrs. Alice M., Maiden 
Day, Mr. John W., Gloucester 
Dean, Mr. Alfred, Wellesley Hills 
Dean, Mr. C. Bradford, Jr., Norwood 
Dean, Mr. Dudley S., Boston 
Dean, Miss Vera, Dedham 
De Bevoise, Mrs. C. I., Greens Farms, 

Conn. 
Deeping, Mr. Robert, Middleboro 
Delano, Mrs. H. D., Boston 
Delano, Mrs. Zora, Winthrop 
De Lap, Mr. Joe S., Foxboro 
Denison, Mrs. Myrtie L., Winchester 
Dennison, Mr. Leon H., Abington 
Densmore, Mrs. Edward D., Brookline 
Devine, Mr. John J., Lowell 
Dexter, Mr. Arthur L., Auburn 
Dexter, Mrs. W. Endicott, Prides Cross- 
ing 



NKW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



107 



IMckinson, Mrs. Jolin Atlanta, (looi-gia 
Dickman, Mr. Tlennan, Dorchester 
Diebold, Mr. Alexander, West Medford 
Dillon, Mrs. T. H., Brookline 
Doane, Mrs. Caroline K., Newtonvillc 
Dodge, Mrs. Milton L., Newburyport 
Doherty, Mr. Francis R., Dorchester 
Dolan, Mrs. Thomas A., Dorchester 
Dolbeare, Mr. Fred T., West Newton 
Dole, Mrs. Frederick H., Medford 
Donnelly, Miss Dorothy, Boston 
Donohoe, Mr. John B., Roslindale 
Donovan, Mr. James V., Randolph 
Donovan, Mrs. Thos. R., Fitchburg 
Doolittle, Mrs. Harold M., Dallas, Texas 
Doran, Mr. William L., Amherst 
Dorr, Miss Marion PI., New^ton High- 
lands 
Douglas, Mr. Frank H., Winthrop 
Douville, Mr. Henry P., Wellesley 
Dove, Mr. Albert C, Boston 
Dow, Mr. Charles A.,. Newburyport 
Dow, Mr. William H., Portland, Maine 
Drake, Mr. J. Harold, West Newton 
Draper, Mrs, Charles, Belmont 
Draper, Miss Nancy T., Canton 
Dudley, Mr. Arthur W., Winthrop 
Dunbar, Mrs. Kinsley, Brookline 
*Dupee, Mrs. Marjorie S., Waban 
Durfee, Mrs. Nathan, Fall River 
Dutton, Mrs. Warren H., Bedford 
Eagan, Mrs. Margaret T., Framingham 

Center 
Eakin, Mrs. M. S., West Hartford, Conn. 
Fames, Mr. Frederick L., Boston 
Early, Miss Eleanor, Wellesley Hills 
Eastman, Mrs. S. E., North Abington 
Eddy, Mrs. James A., Troy, N. Y. 
Eddy, Mrs. John H., Newtonville 
Edes, Mrs. Oliver L., Plymouth 
Edminster, Mr. Allen W., East Freetown 
Edmonstone, Mr. William M., Hyde 

Park 
Edwards, Miss Ellyn L., Boston 
Edwards, Mr. Harry, Swampscott 
Elliott, Mrs. Walter, Arlington 
Ellison, Miss Edith F., Melrose 
Emerson, Mrs. George A., North 

Abington 
Emerson, Mrs. Helen L., East 

Providence, R. I. 
Endicott, Mrs. George, Worcester 
Endicott, Mrs. Henry, Boston 
England, Mr. C. Arnold, Hinghani 
Ennis, Miss E. Bernardine, Dorchester 
Erb, Mr. E. Walter, West Medford 
Evans, Mr. Allan, Cambridge 
Evans, Mrs. George 0., Shirley 
Evans, Mrs. Walter, Worcester 
Everett, Mrs. R. C, Waltham 
Exiner, William E., Wellesley 
Pairbank, Miss Elizabeth C, Milton 



Kalcorier, Mr. Ketirietli H., Ilingham 
l^'iilcoiier, Mr. William G., Dedham 
Fales, Mrs. J. C, Brookline 
Fallon, Mr. Edward A., West Roxbiiry 
Kallon, Mr. Thomas P., Hyde Park 
Farley, Miss Elizabeth M., Danvers 
Farley, Miss Mary L., Hherborn 
Farley, Mrs. William T., Weston 
Farnum, Dr. Mary L. R., Penacook, 

N. H. 
Farrell, Mr. A. C, Framingham 
Farrell, Miss Anna E., Lakeview, Midi. 
Farrell, Mrs. Helen W., Newtonville 
Faulk, Mr. Wesley Snow, Brockton 
Fawcett, Mrs. Benjamin T., Newton 

Highlands 
Fenn, Mr. Harry W., Maiden 
Ferry, Mr. A. Thomas, Lexington 
Field, Mrs. S. Olin, Norwich, N. Y. 
Fields, Mrs. Charles W., Mattapan 
Finegan, Mr. Harland S., Lynn 
Finn, Miss Mary A., Lynn 
Finnerty, Mr. Fred J., Haverhill 
Fisher, Mrs. David, Walpole 
Fisher, Mrs. Mollie, South Portland, 

Maine 
Fisher, Mr. Rollin B., Brookline 
Fiske, Mr. Chesterfield, Northborough 
'Fitzpatrick, Mrs. Charles, Worcester 
Fitzsimmons, W. J., East Weymouth 
Flanders, Mrs. Harry A., Melrose 
Fleming, Mrs. E. H., Shrewsbury 
Fletcher, Mr. Loren F., Newton High- 
lands 
Fletcher, Mrs. Wilford, North Billerica 
Foley, Miss Mary, Roxbury 
Forbes, Mrs. Edward W., Cambridge 
Ford, Mr. Denis J., Mattapan 
Forte, Mr. Orville W., Waban 
Foskett, Mr. Lewis M., Gardner 
Foss, Mr. Benjamin S., Brookline 
Foster, Mrs. A. D., Milton 
Foster, Mrs. Hatherly, Milton 
Foster, Miss Julia, Beverly 
Fox, Mr. William H., Norwell 
Frankel, Mrs. Max, Chestnut Hill 
Eraser, Mr. Harry E., Norwood 
Freeman, Mrs. Arthur T., Auburndale 
Freemer, Miss Florence H., Lawrence 
Frost, Dr., Harold M., Wellesley Hills 
Frost, Mrs. P. E., Newton Centre 
Frost, Mr. Willard A., Dorcester 
Fuchs, Mr. Charles, Forest Hills 
Fuller, Mrs. Frederic W., Springfield 
Fuller, Mrs. Laurence U., Lynn 
Fuller, Mrs. Mary Louise, Providence, 

R. I. 
Fyles, Mr. T. W., Boston 
Gabriels, Mr. Antonio, Newton Upper 

Falls 
Gallagher, Mr. John S., Melrose 
Gallagher, Mr. William W., Bethlehem. 

N. H. 



*Life Member. 



108 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Galluzzo, Mr. Dominic, Hingham 
Gardiner, Mrs. Raynor M., Needham 
Gardner, Mrs. Elizabeth, Hingham 
Garvin, Mr. Paul L., Alfred, Maine 
Gasper, Mr. Donald, Beverly 
Gates, Mrs. G. M., Barre, Vermont 
Gaylord, Miss Phyllis R., Hudson, Ohio 
Gayone, A. Marie, Allston 
Gazarian, Mrs. Kay, Watertown 
Gebhardt, Mr. Louis F., Jamaica Plain 
Geddes, Mrs. J. Peter, 2nd, Providence, 

R. I. 
Geers, Mrs. George W., Orleans 
Gelinas, Mrs. Fred J., Cochituate 
George, Mr. James D., Beverly 
Gidley, Miss Elizabeth, North Dartmouth 
Gilbody, Mrs. Mary E., Winchester 
Gilmore, Miss Mary T., Milford 
Glazier, Mr. Chas. H., Boston 
Glazier, Mr. William C, Canandaigua, 

N. Y. 
Glynn, Mrs. C. E., Lexington 
Godbeer, Mr. 0. F., Belmont 
Golding, Mrs. Louis T., Brookline 
Goodhue, Mr. William W., Winchester 
Gooding, Mrs. George L., Plymouth 
Goodwin, Mrs. Frank A., Bedford 
Goodw^in, Miss Harriet Jane, Arlington 

Heights 
Goodvi^in, Miss May Belle, Newtonville 
Goodvsrin, Mr. Ralph C, Reading 
Gordon, Miss Caroline, Arlington 
Gorton, Mrs. Thomas, Gloucester 
Gourdine, Miss Rosamond, Everett 
Gove, Mrs. Minnie, Swampscott 
Gowdy, Mrs. Anna, Weymouth 
Graham, Mrs. Anna D., Andover 
Gram, Mrs. Carl W., Wenham 
Grannis, Mrs. Arthur E., Brookline 
Graton, Mrs. Bovs^man, Milton 
Graves, Mrs. E. F,, Marshfield 
Graves, Miss Ellen, Newburyport 
Gray, Mrs. S. M. W., South Sudbury 
Greaney, Mrs. F. H., Woburn 
Green, Mrs. Herbert L., Andover 
Green, Mrs. Merrill, Jamaica Plain 
Green, Mr. Nils E., Stamford, Conn. 
Greene, Mrs. Lucy, Fitchburg 
Greenough, Mrs. Charles W., Dover 
Greenough, Mrs. Ruth H., Belmont 
Greenwood, Miss Margaret, Boston 
Griffin, Mrs. A. C, South Walpole 
Griffin, Mrs. Lydia A., Franklin, N. H. 
Grout, Mr. Henry F., Fitchburg 
GruUemans, Mrs. J. J., Painesville, Ohio 
Gunby, Mrs. Frank M., Winchester 
Hadaway, Mrs. J. B., Swampscott 
Hahn, Miss G. L., Dedham 
Hale, Mrs. Joshua, Newburyport 
Hall, Mrs. Arthur W., Quincy 
Hall, Mrs. John L., Manchester 
Hall, Mrs. Charles H., Cohasset 
Hall, Mrs. Charles H., Gloucester 
Hainan, Miss Dorothy, Jamaica Plain 



Hamilton, Mr. D. L., Lincoln 
Hamilton, Mrs. Harry D., Winthrop 
Hancock, Mr. M. B., Barre 
Hands, Mr. Ivy L., Lowell 
Handy, Mr. C. C, Danvers 
Handy, Mrs. Harrie D., Methuen 
Hanelt, Mrs. Howard, Kingston 
Haney, Mr. H. A., Waban 
Hannon, Mrs. Walter J., Medford 
Hanscom, Mrs. R. C, Brockton 
Hanson, Mrs, Albert J., Arlington 
Hanson, Mr. Whittier L., Belmont 
Hardy, Miss Ruth W., Putney, Vt. 
Hargraves, Miss Mary H., Saxonville 
Harmon, Mrs. Harry T., Boston 
Harnden, Mrs. Edward W., West 

Roxbury 
Harrington, Daniel, Westborough 
Harrington, Mrs. Enos B., Lexington 
Harrington, Mr. Fred D., Westwood 
Harrington, Mrs. Laura E., Holliston 
Harris, Mrs. Chas. E., Hyannis 
Harris, Miss Olive I., Boston 
Harris, Mrs. Walter, Watertown 
Hart, Mrs. George T., Jr., West Lynn 
Hartwell, Mr. George Albert, Maiden 
Harvell, Mr. John P., Waban 
Hassan, Mrs. Milton O., Newtown, Ohio 
Hastings, Mrs. Eleanor N., Saugus 
Hastings, Mrs. Josephine, Lynn 
Hatch, Mrs. George P., West Newton 
Hatch, Mrs. Rosalie F., Stratham, N. H. 
Hathaway, Mrs. Wilfred A., Taunton 
Hawes, Mrs. John B., 2nd, Brookline 
Haydon, Mrs. W. H., Riderwood, Md. 
Hayes, Mrs. F. Albert, Norwood 
Hayes, Mr. George W., Brighton 
Hayward, Mrs. Forrest W., Portland 

Maine 
Head, Mrs. Mark R., Peabody 
Heard, Mr. Townsend, Hamilton 
Heath, Mr. Clarence E., Dedham 
Hendrick, Mrs. E. Roy, Livermore Falls, 

Maine 
Henn, Mr. Rudloph, Roslindale 
Henrickson, Mrs. J., Arlington 
Henry, Mrs. Carleton B., Taunton 
Herbert, Mrs. Constance, Taunton 
Herbert, Mrs. Martha L., Wolfeboro, 

N. H. 
Herlihy, Miss Elisabeth M., Boston 
Heroux, Miss Aurora A., Woonsocket, 

R. I. 
Herrick, Mrs. J. T., Springfield 
Hill, Mrs. Ralph J., Framingham 
Hill, Mr. Wm. Russell, Hudson, Ohio 
Hills, Miss Annie D., Newton Highlands 
Hinckley, Mrs. Benjamin S., Newton 
Hindle, Mrs. A. W., West Harwich 
Hines, Mrs. Joseph A,, Wakefield 
Hinkley, Mrs. R. H., Westwood 
Hoar, Mr. John, Brookline 
Hodges, Mrs. Frederick H., Dedham 
Hodges, Mrs. Winthrop T., Nahant 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



109 



Hodgson, Mrs. E. F., Dover 
Hofheinz, Mrs. R. H., Rochester, N. Y. 
Holbrook, Miss Mary S., Boston 
Holbrook, Mrs. Sara Pratt, Brighton 
Holden, Miss Mildred, Reading 
Holden, Mr. Miles C, Springfield 
Holden, Mrs. Miles C, Springfield 
Hollowell, Mr. Elwin H., Concord 
Holman, Miss Lydia, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Holman, Miss Nora K., Boston 
Holmes, Mrs. Gerald, Hanover 
Holmes, Mrs. John F., Manchester, N. H. 
Holt, Miss Harriet P., Arlington 
Homer, Miss Alice W., Arlington 
Homeyer, Mrs. Charles W., Wellesley 

Hills 
Honey, Mr. Joseph, Boston 
Hooper, Mrs. Fred N., Portland, Maine 
Hopkins, Mr. Arthur F., Reading 
Hopkins, Mrs. Ray C, Swampscott 
Hopson, Mrs. W. B., Corvallis, Oregon 
Horton, Mrs. W. Emery, Norw^ood 
Hough, Mrs. Edward B., Providence, 

R. I. 
Houghton, Mrs. Charles E., Norwood 
Houghton, Miss Ethel, Jamaica Plain 
Houston, Mrs. Clarence P., Tufts College 
Howarth, Mr. Charles L., North Billerica 
Howe, Miss Alberta, Boston 
Howe, Miss Constance, Northampton 
Howe, Mr. John F., Brookline 
Howe, Mrs. Oscar H., South Acton 
Howland, Mr. Arthur V., Boston 
Hoyle, Mrs. William, Attleboro 
Hubbard, Mr. F. W., Jamaica Plain 
Hudson, Miss Ethel E., Dorchester 
Hudson, Mrs. Henry N., Norwood 
Hudson, Miss Mary G., Boston 
Huey, Mr. Harold C, Wellesley 
Hulburd, Mrs. Chas. F., Boston 
*Hunnewell, Miss Caroline A,, Wellesley 
Hunt, Mr. Albert W., Milton 
Hunt, Mrs. L. Louise, Brookline 
Hunter, Mrs. Joel, Cambridge 
Huntoon, Mrs. Douglas H., Campello 
Hussey, Mrs. John U., Winchester 
Hutchinson, Mr. J. Chester, Lexington 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Mary W., West 

Newton 
Hyland, Mr. Francis, Magnolia 
Imbescheid, Mrs. Hermine, Boslindale 
Imbescheid, Miss Pauline P. M., 

Roslindale 
Inches, Mrs. Charles E., South Hamilton 
Ingraham, Mrs. Franc D., Newton 

Centre 
Innis, Mrs. Wm. S., Providence, R. I. 
Isaac, Miss Madeline, Randolph 
Jacobi, Mr. Oscar M., Wellesley Hills 
Jacobus, Mr. Roland H. P., Turners 

Falls 
James, Mrs. William, Cambridge 



Jaques, Mr. George H., West Somerville 
Jarvis, Mrs. Rodney S., Great 

Barrington 
Jewell, Miss Sadie B., Boston 
Jewett, Miss Alice M., West Medford 
Jewett, Miss Ida B., North Andover 
Johnson, Mrs. A. D., Hopedale 
Johnson, Mr. Edwin C, Boston 
Johnson, Miss Elizabeth, Cambridge 
Johnson, Mr. Ernest A., West Roxbury 
Johnson, Mrs. Harold S., Lexington 
Johnson, Mr. John Henry, West 

Hyannisport 
Johnson, Mrs. Maude M., Melrose 
Johnson, Mrs. Otis S., Newton Centre 
Johnston, Mrs. Thos. H., Newton Centre 
Jones, Mr. Frank W., Winchester 
Jones, Mrs. John Clark, Jr., West 

Newton 
Jones, Mrs. May E., Waltham 
Jones, Mrs. Philip N., Beach Bluff 
Jordan, Mr. Herbert F., West Newton 
Joyce, Mrs. A. Florence, Medford 
Joyce, Mr. Alfred, Belmont 
Jump, Mrs. W. Warren, Wellesley 
Justice, Mrs. J. Caleb, East Braintree 
Kahrl, Mr. George M., Waltham 
Kaler, Mr. John T., Sharon 
Kales, Mrs. William R., Detroit, Mich. 
Kane, Mrs. John F., Wollaston 
Karl, Miss Anna Pauline, Brighton 
Karlson, Mrs. Alfred H., North 

Leominster 
Kauffmann, Mrs. Lillian F., Milton 
Kay, Mrs. Samuel, East Walpole 
Kells, Dr. Walter D., Boston 
Kelly, Mr. Percy A., West Concord 
Kelsey, Miss Helen M., Weston 
Kempenaar, Mr. E., Newport, R. I. 
Kendall, Mrs. Mary S., Auburndale 
Kendrick, Mrs. Mary F., Hyde Park 
Kenny, Mrs. Nellie S., West Somerville 
Kent, Mrs. T. W., Newton Highlands 
Kent, Miss Theresa W., Braintree 
Kepner, Mrs. Charles D., Newtonville 
Kidder, Mr. Arthur, Winchester 
Kidder, Mrs. Arthur, Winchester 
Kidder, Mrs. Grace M., Payville 
Kidder, Mrs. H. A., Riverside, Conn. 
Kieswetter, Miss Grace T., Quincy 
Killam, Mr. Dwight L., East Boxford 
Killam, Mrs. Dwight L., East Boxford 
Killam, Mrs. Lillian E., Braintree 
Kimball, Mrs. Fred N., Swampscott 
Kimball, Miss Josie W., Newburyport 
King, Mrs. Benjamin T., Arlington 
Kingman, Miss Ethel S., Somerville 
Kingman, Mr. Frank, Brockton 
Kingman, Mrs. Harry W., South Easton 
Kingsbury, Miss Isabel S., Needham 
Kingsbury, Miss M. Frances, Needham 
Kinne, Mr. Ray E., Needham 



*Life Member. 



110 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Kinney, Mr. Galen R., Kingston, R. I. 
Kirby, Mrs. Arthur C, Rochester 
Kirkland, Miss Marian P., Lexington 
Kirkwood, Mrs. Grace H., Cambridge 
Knapp, Mrs. Bliss, Brookline 
Kneeland, Mr. Herbert A., Brookline 
Knight, Mr. Ira B., Gardner 
Knight, Mr. Thomas, Rutherford, N. J. 
Knobel, Dr. Edward, Dedham 
Kurtz, Miss Emilie, Boston 
Kussmaul, Mr. Ernest G. Jamaica Plain 
Lafayette, Mrs. Mabel A., Arlington 
Lambert, Miss Arece C, Coatesville, 

Penna, 
Lambert, Mrs. Cornelia P., Brighton 
Lamprey, Miss Alice, Cambridge 
Lancaster, Mrs. Ralph B., Arlington 
Landers, Mr. William R., Milton 
Landstrom, Mrs. Victor E., Middleboro 
Lane, Mrs. Howard, Chartley 
Lane, Mrs. Howard A., Dorchester 
Lane, Mr. John C, West Roxbury 
Lane, Miss Mabel F., Concord, N. H. 
Lang, Mrs. Mabel C, Roslindale 
Lapham, Mrs. George A., Brookline 
Larkin, Mrs. Rhoda L., Wellesley Hills 
Larkin, Mr. Thomas, Brookline 
Larson, Mr. P. 0,, Swampscott 
Larson, Mr. Ralph D., Winchester 
Latimer, Mrs. Julia A., Mamaroneck, 

N. Y. 
Lawlor, Dr. Peter P., Burlington, 

Vermont 
Laurence, Miss Genieve E., Lowell 
Lawrence, Mr. George H, M., Howard, 

R. I. 
Lawrence, Mr. Herbert M., Lexington 
Lawson, Mr. Andrew, Chestnut Hill 
Lay, Mrs. Tracy, Washington, D. C. 
Learnard, Mrs. Frank, Dorchester , 
Ijearned, Miss Lorna, Newburyport 
Lee, Mrs. George B., New London, Conn. 
Leland, Mrs. Dudley R., Franklin 
Lennon, Miss Honora A., Roxbury 
Lennox, Mrs. Wm. G., Newton Centre 
Leonard, Mrs. Edward D., Chestnut Hill 
Leonard, Mrs. Kenneth C, Dedham 
Leontine, Dr. G. E., Dorchester 
Leslie, Mr. Edward R., Wellesley Hills 
Leslie, Mrs. Frank E., Northampton 
Levesque, Mr. Fred W., Dover 
Lewis, Mrs. Arthur P., Marion 
Lewis, Mrs. Mabel V., Newton Highlands 
Lillie, Mrs. L. B., New Bedford 
Lincoln, Mr. Danforth B., Boston 
Lindley, Mrs. Havard, Wellesley Hills 
Lindley, Mrs. John M., Wellesley Hills 
Litchfield, Mr. Everett S., Brookline 
Little, Mrs. David M., Brookline 
Little, Mrs. W. 0. B., West Roxbury 
Littlefield, Miss Ida A., East Walpole 
Littlefield, Miss Louise H., Portland, 

Maine 
Littleton, Mr. James N., Hingham 



Livingston, Miss Maude W., Billerica 
Livingston, Mrs. Percy, Billerica 
Locke, Mrs. Elinor W., Lexington 
Logan, Miss Pauline M., Belmont 
Logee, Mr. Ernest K., Danielson, Conn. 
Lombard, Mrs. Laurence M., Needham 
Long, Miss Lillian S., Norwood 
Longbottom, Mrs. Tom, North Grafton 
Lord, Mrs. S. V., Lynn 
Lothrop, Mrs. W. H., Newton Centre 
Lott, Mr. Henry, Roslindale 
Loud, Miss Edith M., Portland, Maine 
Loud, Mrs. Eva May, South Weymouth 
Lougee, Mrs. Robert P., Wellesley Hills 
Lounsbury, Mrs. L. C, West Medford 
Lovett, Mr. Howard E., Boston 
Low, Mrs. Seth F., Danvers 
Lowe, Mr. Frank W., Wollaston 
Lowell, Mr. Wharton, Chestnut Hill 
Lund, Mrs. H. Gardner, Wrentham 
Lundy, Miss Mary C, Wollaston 
Lupien, Mr. Waldo E., Newton Upper 

Falls 
Lynch, Mr. A. P., Mattapan 
Lyon, Mrs. George A., Brookline 
Lyons, Mr. Sylvester A., Quincy 
Maccini, Mrs. John, Wellesley 
MacComiskey, Miss Lenora, Hingham 
MacDonald, Miss Margaret E., West 

Somerville 
MacFee, Mr. Prescott H., West Roxbury 
MacGregor, Mr. John, Roslindale 
MacGregor, Mrs. John, Roslindale 
Maclnnis, Miss Florence G., Salem 
Mackey, Miss Mary R., Salem 
MacLean, Mrs. Malcolm, Swampscott 
MacMillin, Mr. Chas. M., Boston 
Macomber, Mr. George A., Cambridge 
Maddern, Miss Jeanne F., Norwood 
Magee, Mrs. Genevieve, Greenwiich, 

Conn. 
Magee, Miss Mary, Plymouth 
Maher, Mrs. Stella C, Evanston, 111. 
Mahoney, Mr. James, Hyde Park 
Mahoney, Miss Marion, Sharon 
Main, Mr. Charles T., Winchester 
Mann, Mr. Harold Otis, Natick 
Marcy, Mrs. Dora B., Newton Upper 

Falls 
Marean, Mrs. Endicott, Cambridge 
Margesson, Miss Helen P., Dorcester 

Center 
Marggraff, Mrs. Lillie R., Jamaica Plain 
Marsh, Mrs. Jasper, Danvers 
Marshall, Mrs. Everett A., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Marshall, Mrs. Gordon P., Hingham 
Marshall, Mrs. Loring L., Wellesley 
Marsland, Mr. Wifred R., Laconia, N. H. 
Martin, Mrs. Albert, West Roxbury 
Martin, Dr. L. A., Maiden 
Marvel, Mrs. H. M., Taunton 
Mason, Frank S., Charlestown 
Maydole, Mrs. Hugh D., Concord, N. H. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



111 



McAllister, Mrs. Walter G., Foxboro 
McOammon, Mrs. Mary D., Weston 
McCarthy, Mr. William Thomas, 

Graniteville 
McCrady, Miss Jane R., Boston 
McCrillis, Mrs. W. N., Everett 
McCurdy, Mr. Charles Harden, Jamaica, 

Vermont 
McDonough, Mr. Eugene, Jamaica Plain 
McDonough, Miss M. A., Dorchester 
McGhie, Miss Agnes, Ballard Vale 
McGlauflin, Miss Flora R., Watertown 
McGroarty, Mr. James, Qnincy 
Mclver, Mrs. Elizabeth P., Cooperstown, 

N. Y. 
McKee, Mrs. John M., Dedham 
McPartland, Mrs. Frank, J., Worcester 
Mears, Mrs. Harriet B,, Boston 
Mehlhorn, Mrs. Paul P., Belmont 
Merrill, Mrs. Chas. H., Exeter, N. H. 
Merrill, Mrs. Elizabeth M., Concord, 

N. H. 
Merrill, Dr. Elmer D'., Cambridge 
Merrill, Mrs. M. Esther, Cambridge 
Metcalf, Mrs. George J., Cambridge 
Miles, Mr. James L,, Wakefield 
Miller, Mr, Abe, Chicago, 111. 
Miller, Miss Gertrude L., Belmont 
Miller, Mrs. Ida, Manville, R. I. 
Miller, Miss Susan, South Berwick, 

Maine 
Milton, Mrs. Charles C, Worcester 
Minot, Mrs. William, Boston 
Mitchell, Mrs. Norman M., Winchester 
Moeller, Mrs. R. C, Providence, R. I. 
Montsie, Mr. E. C, Randolph 
Mooney, Mrs. W. C, Reading 
Moore, Miss Elizabeth E., Boston 
Moreland, Mr. G. H., West Medford 
Moreton, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Quincy 
Morfitt, Mrs. Dorothy K., Melrose 
Morris, Miss Elizabeth M., Framingham 
Morrison, Miss Alice S., Braintree 
Morrow, Mrs. Adelaide F., Winthrop 
Morse, Miss Carry L., West Roxbury 
Morse, Mrs. Harold R., Bradford 
Morse, Mr. Herbert B., Wellesley Hills 
Morton, Miss Margaret, Cambridge 
Moulton, Mrs. Sherman R., Burlington, 

Vermont 
Mower, Mr. E. Curtiss, Jr., East Milton 
Mowry, Mrs. Elisha, Duxbury 
Munroe, Mrs. David A., Jamaica Plain 
Needham, Mr. Charles J., Greenville, 

R. I. 
Needham, Mrs. Daniel, Newtonville 
Nelson, Miss Rose C, Cambridge 
Nelson, Mr. Roy G., Boston 
Newcomb, Mr^ Alfred E., Dorchester 
Newell, Miss Alice, Lexington 
Newhall, Mrs. John K., Maiden 
Newhall, Miss Laura L., Melrose 

Highlands 
Newhall, Miss Mary I., Providence, R. I. 



Newman, Mrs. George W., Norwood 
Newman, Mr. John H. V., Roxbury 
Nichols, Miss Grace, Boston 
Nisbet, Mr. Fred J., Roslindale 
Niven, Mr. Howard W., Newtonville 
Nolte, Mrs. Fred O., Cambridge 
Norton, Miss Margaret, Boston 
Noyes, Mrs. Elizabeth C. M., 

Newburyport 
Nutt, Mrs. Florence E., Needham 
Nutter, Miss Angeline P., West Roxbury 
O'Brien, Miss Julia M., Dorcester 
O'Connell, Mr. Daniel P., Jamaica Plain 
Oedel, Mr. Charles F. W., Roslindale 
Ogilvie, Miss Gertrude F., Boston 
Oldham, Mrs. John B., Wellesley Hills 
Oliver, Antone, Nantucket 
Oliver, Mattie W., Marblehead 
Olsen, Mr. Henry G., Boston 
Olson, Miss Hilma, Ashland 
Osborn, Mrs. John H., Swampscott 
Osborne, Mrs. Esther, Marion 
Ould, Mr. Joseph T., Norwood 
Owen, Mrs. Herbert W., Dover, N. H. 
Packard, Miss Annie E., Brookline 
Packard, Mrs. G. H., Meredith, N. H, 
Page, Mrs. Anna L., Boston 
Page, Mr. John E., Winchester 
•Paige, Mrs. John, Southbridge 
Paine, Mr. F. Ward, Chestnut Hill 
Paine, Mrs. Ruth F. W., Beach Bluff 
Park, Mrs. Herbert' S., Winchendon 
Parker, Miss Alice G., Dracut Center 
Parker, Miss Blanche, Winthrop 
Parker, Mrs. Horace, Osterville 
Parsons, Mr. Birney C, Lynn 
Patch, Mr. Russell, C, North Quincy 
Patrick, Mr. Henry B., West Newton 
Paul, Miss Florence A., York Village, 

Maine 
Peabody, Mrs. H. P., Lynnfield Center 
Peabody, Mrs. Samuel Endicott, Groton 
Pearce, Mr. Frederick W., Dorchester 
Pearson, Mr. Walter, Whitman 
Pegler, Mr. Thomas, Lewiston, Maine 
Peirce, Miss Bertha, Hingham 
Peirce, Mr. Walter H., Arlington 
Pennett, Mrs. William J., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Pennucci, Mr. Alexander, Framingham 
Pepin, Miss Esther M., West Newton 
Perkins, Mrs. Edward B., Foxboro 
Perry, Mrs. Katherine E., South Natick 
Perry, Miss Margaret S., Cambridge 
Perry, Mrs. Walter A., Waltham 
Perry, Mr. William, Newport, R. I. 
Peterson, Mrs. Edith E., North Woburn 
Peterson, Mr. Kenneth L., Melrose 
Pevare, Mrs. Alexis W., Melrose 
Pevear, Mrs. Harold R., Weston 
Phillips, Mr. A. V., Jamaica Plain 
Phillips, Mrs. Alfred A., Lynn 
Phipps, Mrs. Clarence C, Salem 
Pickard, Miss Lena G., Everett 



112 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Pickman, Mr. Dudley L., Jr., Beverly 
Pigeon, Mr. Richard, Wellesley Hills 
Pike, Mr. Frederick N., Milton 
Pike, Mrs. Lua, Rochester, N. H. 
Pingree, Miss Barbara, Cambridge 
Pinkham, Mr. M. O., Weston 
Plummer, Mr. John A., Maiden 
Pope, Mr. Walter R., Taunton 
Pope, Mrs. Walter R., Taunton 
Porter, Mr. Frederick E., Fayville 
Potter, Mr. Alexander E., Taunton 
Potter, Mrs. Pearl A., Durham, N. H. 
Powell, Miss Margaret E., Roxbury 
Poynter, Mrs. Horace M., Andover 
Prance, Miss Hattie M., West Roxbury 
Pratt, Mrs. Chester M., Dedham 
Prescott, Mrs. Oliver, North Dartmouth 
Prescott, Mr. W. Lincoln, Sharon 
Proctor, Mr. George N., Boston 
Proctor, Mrs. George N., Boston 
Proudfoot, Mrs. John, Arlington 
Purdy, Mr. Harris, Medford Hillside 
Putnam, Mrs. P. Wendell, Jr., Acton 

Centre 
Putnam, Mrs. Frank W., West Newton 
Putnam, Dr. Marian C, New Haven, 

Conn. 
Pye, Mr. Walter, Methuen 
Pyemont, Mrs. Winthrop, Framingham 

Center 
Quackenboss, Mrs. Alex, Boston 
Quinn, Mrs. William J., East Walpole 
Quint, Mr. Samuel E., Quincy 
Rafter, Mrs. Anne, Sharon 
Rand, Miss Alice E., Somerville 
Rand, Mrs. Harrie Edgar, Durham, 

New Hampshire 
Rand, Miss Lucy H., Wollaston 
Rand, Mr. Robert, Belmont 
Randall, Mr. Edward L., Wrentham 
Rankin, Mrs. Burt W., Brookline 
Raphael, Mr. Ernest A., Brookline 
Ratshesky, Mrs. A. C, Boston 
Raulston, Miss Charlotte L., South 

Boston 
Ray, Mr. Richard, Jr., Brookline 
Raymond, Miss Lydia, Essex 
Read, Mr. Harry M., Swampscott 
Reardon, Mr. William, Quincy 
Recchia, Mr. Franklin P., Wellesley Hills 
Reed, Mrs. Harold W., Reading 
Reader, Mrs. Susan 0., Maiden 
Reid, Mr. Charles H., Osterville 
Reilly, Miss Mary E., Lowell 
Rest-all, Mrs. Malcolm, Marblehead 
Reymann, Miss Anna, Wheeling, W. Va. 
Reynolds, Mr. Gardner, Newton 

Highlands 
Reynolds, Mrs. James R., Wenham 
Rhoades, Mrs. Alice L., Wellesley 
Rhodes, Mrs. Daniel P., Brookline 
Rice, Miss Ellen 0., Lancaster 
Rice, Mrs. George T., Westwood 
Rich, Mrs. 0. F., Wellesley Hills 



Rich, Mrs. William T., Jr., Andover 
Richards, Miss A. A., Chestnut Hill 
Richardson, Mrs. W. G., Watertown 
Richardson, Mr. W. S., Franklin 
Richmond, Mrs. H. S., Taunton 
Rideout, Miss Annie Lillian, Swampscott 
Rietschlin, Mrs. Otto R., West Roxbury 
Riley, Mr. George P., Belmont 
Riley, Miss Julia M., Hopkinton 
Rinn, Mrs. Ethelyn, Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Robbins, Mr. Frederick J., Whitman 
Roberts, Mrs. Nellie A. M., Lynnfield 
Robertson, Mrs. Mary E., Ossipee, N. H. 
Robinson, Miss Cora M., Boston 
Robinson, Mr. F. B., Wollaston 
Robinson, Mrs. Harriette W., Newton 
Robinson, Miss Mabel F., Waltham 
Rogers, Mrs. Alexander H., Lawrence 
Rogers, Mrs. Alice Clark, Melrose 
Rogers, Mrs. Frank Ellis, East Braintree 
Rohland, Miss Caroline, Woodstock, New 

York 
Rooney, Mrs. Madeleine S., Winchester 
Ropes, Mrs. Charles F., Salem 
Roquemere, Mrs. John D., Boston 
Ross, Mrs. Alexander, Needham 
Ross, Mrs. John H., Hingham 
Ross, Mrs. Joseph W., Ipswich 
Ross, Mrs. Sylvia, Bangor, Maine 
Ross, Mrs. W. C, Winchester 
Rothmund, Mr. Eugene, Milton 
Rouillard, Mrs. Robert G., Watertown 
Rowe, Mrs. Elgen, Southboro 
Rowell, Mrs. C. N., Wrentham 
Rowell, Miss Louise, Waltham 
Rowen, Mr. Harold J., Dorchester 
Rowse, Mrs. Arthur E., Bedford 
Roys, Mrs. Edville A., East Kingston, 

N. H. 
Runyon, Mr. Ernest H., Newton 

Highlands 
Russell, Miss Lucy F., Troy, N. Y. 
Russell, Mr. Robert M., Johnstown, 

N. Y. 
Russell, Mr. William A., North Andover 
Ryan, Mrs. Henry M., Waltham 
Ryan, Mr. John, Boston 
Ryan, Mrs. Mary Louise, Chestnut Hill 
Ryder, Mrs. Benjamin B., Campello 
Rymarczick, Miss A. Irene, Dorchester 
Sander, Miss Nadine E., Roslindale 
Sanderson, Mr. Henry Church, Monson 
Sands, Mr. Frank E., Cambridge 
Sargent, Mrs. Fred H., Lawrence 
Sargent, Mrs. Sidney B., West Newton 
Sawitzky, Mr. Alfred, Wellesley 
Sawyer, Mrs. Howard P., Fall River 
Scarlett, Miss Mary, Tewksbury 
Schubert, Miss Marion, Plymouth 
Schwarz, Mrs. Dorothy B., Melrose 

Highlands 
Schweitzer, Mrs. Walter, Halifax 
Scofield, Mrs. William Bacon, Worcester 
Scott, Mr. David J., Corfu, New York 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



113 



Scott, Mrs. George 0., Framingham 
Scott, Mrs. J. Stephen, Boston 
Seagrave, Mr. Harry S., West Newbury 
Searles, Mrs. Lillian D., Worcester 
Sears, Mrs. 0. M., Jr., Providence, R. I. 
Sears, Mrs. Philip E., Brookline 
Segel, Mrs. Abram, Norfolk 
Semple, Miss Isabelle, Holbrook 
Sette, Mrs. O. E., Lexington 
Sewall, Mrs. Arthur E., York Village, 

Maine 
Sexton, Mrs. Isaac E., Winchester 
Sharman, Mrs. John, Belmont 
Shattuck, Mrs. D. H., Charlestown 
Sheahan, Mr. James T,, Marlboro 
Shedd, Mr. Harry L., Chelmsford 
Shefferd, Dr. Jeannette M., Fall River 
Shepard, Mrs. Eliot B., Newton Center 
Sheppard, Miss Fannie M., Lowell 
Sherburne, Mrs. Dorothy A., Concord 
Sherburne, Mr. J. H., Brookline 
Sherman, Mr. Charles. W., Belmont 
Sherwin, Mrs. Abner B., Brookline 
Shonk, Mrs. Herbert B., Dublin, N. PI. 
Sigourney, Mrs. David, Brookline 
Silsbee, Mr. Henry P., 2nd, E. Lynn 
Silvia, Mr. John R., Newport, R. I. 
Simmons, Mrs. A. L. F., Mattapan 
Simpson, Mr. Carl F., Wilmington 
Sims, Mrs. Frederick R., Bedford 
Sinclair, Mrs. Harry R., Worcester 
Skillings, Mrs. George, Springvale, 

Maine 
Skillings, Mr. Perley S., West Roxbury 
Skinner, Mr. John, Northampton 
Slack, Mrs. Judson C, Boston 
Slade, Miss Hope, Fall River 
Sloan, Mrs. David, Swampscott 
Small, Mrs. Thomas, Brookline 
Smith, Captain A. W., Ipswich 
Smith, Mr. Almond H., Melrose 

Highlands 
Smith, Mr. Arthur E., Milton 
Smith, Miss Edith L., Campello 
Smith, Mrs. Edward F., Hyannis 
Smith, Mrs. Edwin W., Newton 
Smith, Mrs. Florence C, Melrose 

Highlands 
Smith, Mr. G. P., Boston 
Smith, Mrs. George, Gardner 
Smith, Miss Helen A., Cambridge 
Smith, Mr. Hiram L., Newton 

Highlands 
Smith, Mrs. Leslie G., Wakefield 
Smith, Miss Lottie M., Framingham 
Smith, Miss Mary Byers, Andover 
Smith, Mrs. Nelson H., Cambridge 
Smith, Mrs. Roy E., East Milton 
Smith, Miss Vera E., East Milton 
Smith, Mrs. William H., Boston 
Smith, Mr. William J., Boston 
Snell, Mr. Moses E., Amherst 
Snow, Mrs. Charles F., Bridgewater 
Snow, Mrs. Rosamond D., Boston 



Soelle, Miss Elsie V., Dorchester 
Somers, Mrs. Carl W., Newtonville 
Sorby, Mrs. Florence J. K., Winthrop 
Southard, Mrs. Frank E., Boston 
Soutter, Mrs. Annie H., Swampscott 
Spargo, Miss Lydia, C, Dorchester 
Sparrow, Mrs. J. Augustine, Middleboro 
Spear, Miss Susie Frances, Everett 
Spofford, Mrs. F. Lillian, Lexington 
Sprague, Mrs. George E., Quincy 
Sproul, Mrs. F. W., Brockton 
Stafford, Mrs. Harold C, Sanford, Maine 
Stampleman, Mr. S. C, Boston 
Stanton, Dr. Frank D., Boston 
Starbird, Mrs. Mary L., Maiden 
Stebbins, Mrs. G. Hobart, Wollaston 
Steimle, Mi.ss B. Louise, West Roxbury 
Steinkamp, Mr. Oliver E., Indianapolis 
Stenstrom, Mrs. Carl, Boston 
Stevens, Miss Alvira B., Boston 
Stevens, Dr. B. Strout, Brockton 
Stevens, Miss Carrie A., Roslindale 
Stevens, Mrs. Fred P., Presque Isle, 

Maine 
Stevens, Mrs. Ida M., Boston 
Stevens, Mrs. James H., Reading 
Stevens, Mrs. S. W., Brookline 
Stevenson, Mrs. Earl P., Newton 
Stewart, Mrs. Alex B., Weston 
Stewart, Miss Dora, Cambridge 
Stewart, Mrs. Frank H., Newton Centre 
Stewart, Mrs. Max E., Chelsea 
Stiles, Mr. Howard, South Sudbury 
Stone, Mr. Arthur P., Belmont 
Stone, Miss Marion R., Kingston, R. I. 
Stone, Mr. Mason H., Jr., Newton 
Storrs, Mrs. Rachel I., Ware 
Stott, Mr. Claude L., East Lynn 
Stratton, Miss Annie F., Cambridge 
Stratton, Miss J. M. W., Hopkinton 
Strid, Mr. Johan A., Hyde Park 
Strong, Mr. David L., Arlington 
Stuart, Mr. Herman H., Melrose 
Studley, Mr. Linnell E., Newton 

Highlands 
Sturdy, Mrs. Sarah R., Chartley 
Sturgis, Mrs. Dorothy S., Gorham, 

Maine 
Stutsman, Miss Grace May, Melrose 
Sullivan, Mr. John H., Maiden 
Sullivan, Miss Mary G., Roslindale 
Sullivan, Mr. Michael J., Hyde Park 
Summers, Mrs. Lura G., Belmont 
Sutton, Mrs. M., Needham Heights 
Swain, Mr. 0. Gardner, Wollaston 
Swain, Miss Evangeline L., Bristol, 

N. H. 
Sweet, Mrs. Guy S., Gloucester 
Sweet, Mrs. Walter A., Grafton 
Swift, Mr. A. C, West Newton 
Syvertsen, Mrs. Ellen G. B., Newfields, 

N. H. 
Taber, Mr. Harold B., East Milton 
Taft, Mr. Norman Mortimere, Grafton 



114 



MASSACHIJSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Taft, Mrs. Walter, Princeton 
Tapley, Mrs. Alice M., Haverhill 
Taylor, Mr. Ernest, Quincy 
Taylor, Mr. Philip W., Wellesley Hills 
Teele, Mrs. Arthur P., Marblehead 
Temple, Mrs. E. D., Greenfield 
Temple, Miss Helen J., Newton 
Tenney, Mrs. Dudley P., Wellesley Hills 
Tenney, Miss Sally, Williamstown 
Terry, Mr. Arthur L., Wellesley Hills 
Tetlow, Miss Frances H., Hingham 

Centre 
Tewksbury, Mr. H. J. R., Westbrook, 

Maine 
Thayer, Mrs. Margaret R., South Harwich 
Thomas, Miss Laura G., Taunton 
Thomas, Dr. T. B., Arlington 
Thompson, Mrs. Alfred, Framingham 
Thompson, Mrs. G. Edwin, Waltham 
Thompson, Mrs. Mary D., Newtonville 
Thurau, Mr. John, Hyde Park 
Thurston, Mrs. Edwin E., Belmont 
Tilton, Mrs. E. Harrington, Laconia, 

N. H. 
Tilton, Mr. Walter F., Norwood 
Timmins, Mr. Fred L., Nahant 
Tingley, Mrs. J. B., Cambridge 
Tirrell, Mrs. N. M., Whitman 
Tisdale, Mr. George E., Medford 
Todd, Miss Ellen G., Newburyport 
Todd, Mr. George S., Acton 
Todd, Mr. William, Brookline 
Tolles, Miss Edith K., Manchester, 

N. H. 
Tower, Miss Florence E., Auburndale 
Tower, Mr. Gilbert S., Cohasset 
Towle, Mrs. Ransellear, Gloucester 
Townsend, Mr. Irving U. Jr., Waban 
Trask, Mrs. N. S., Durham, N. H. 
Trefrey, Mrs. Elizabeth S., Waban 
Trippe, Mr. Norman S., Natick 
Trombla, Mr. Edward, Amesbury 
Tucker, Miss Agnes M., Newtonville 
Tucker, Mr. Benjamin M., Newton 

Centre 
Tucker, Mr. Charles P., Hudson 
Tucker, Mr. Donald W., Lexington 
Tucker, Mrs. H. Guild, Brockton 
Tucker, Mrs. Ida M., Foxboro 
Turner, Miss Mabel E., Antrim, N. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Wallace M., Brookline 
Tutein, Mr. C. D., Boston 
Tyson, Mr. Russell, North Andover 
Van Steenbergh, Mrs. E. S., North 

Middleboro 
Varnum, Mrs. F. C, Harlem, Montana 
Vaughan, Mr. Irving D., Medford 
Viator, Mrs. Carl F., Gloucester 
Vincent, Mr. Fred F., Everett 
Wagner, Mrs. R. W., Everett 
Waite, Miss Edith C, Cambridge 



Wakefield, Mrs. Ethel L., Marshfield 

Hills 
Wakefield, Mrs. Julia P., Weston 
Waldron, Mr. Hiram E. B., Hyde Park 
Wales, Mrs. William Q., West Newton 
Walker, Mr. Edward E., Cliftondale 
Walker, Mrs. Elisabeth W., Ashby 
Walker, Miss Mary A., Monson 
Walker, Mrs. Philip B., Whitinsville 
Wall, Mrs. Earl, Wakefield 
Wallace, Mrs. Hattie M., Orange 
Wallace, Mr. John P., Concord, N. H. 
Wallace, Miss Mabel I., Brighton 
Wallace, Mrs. Norman, Longmeadow 
Wallburg, Mr. William V., Melrose 
Walls, Mrs. Frank E., Melrose 
Walsh, Mrs. John J., Lowell 
Walter, Mrs. Emilie M., West Roxbury 
Ward, Miss A. E., Boston 
Ward, Mrs. Otis A., Newton Centre 
Warren, Mrs. Blanche C, Boston 
Warren, George Copp, Brookline 
Washburn, Mrs. I. H., Portsmouth, 

N. H. 
Waterman, Mr. Curtis H., Boston 
Waters, Mrs. Percival, Weston 
Watson, Mrs. Marion H., Norwood 
Watson, Miss Minyon D., Taunton 
Watson, Mrs. William, Southport, Conn. 
Watt, Mr. Kingdon R., Milton 
Watters, Mrs. Walter F., Swampscott 
Way, Mr. Serviss, Melrose 
Webb, Mrs. Irma, Attleboro 
Webber, Mrs. Thomas G., Edgewood, 

R. I. 
Wedrick, Mr. Chester D., Nanticoke, 

Ontario, Canada 
*Webster, Mrs. Laurence J., Holderness, 

N. H. 
Webster, Miss Olive, West Newton 
Wedgwood, Miss Hazel, Boston 
Wedrick, Mr, Chester D., Ontario, 

Canada 
Weed, Mr. Frederick R., Southboro 
Weidlich, Mrs. Henry A., Cambridge 
Weir, Mrs. Mary A., Roslindale 
Welch, Mr. Andrew W., West Roxbui-y 
Welch, Mr. William M., Boston 
Weller, Mrs. Otto Jr., West Roxbury 
Wells, Mrs. Henry C, Deerfield 
Wells, Miss Mary, HoUiston 
Welt, Mr. Charles H. Jr., Allston 
Welton, Mrs. R. H., Boston 
Werman, Mrs. M., Chestnut Hill 
Westcott, Mrs. William R., Harvard 
Weston, Mr. F. Irving, Medford 
Wetherell, Mr. Charles B., Cambridge 
Weyland, Miss Mary, Portland, Maine 
Wheeler, Mrs. Berkeley, Concord 
Wheeler, Mrs. E. C, Milton 
Wheeler, Mr. Hermon T., Lexington 
Whilton, Mr. Francis J., Arlington 



*Life Member. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1935 



llfl 



Whipple, Mrs. F. F., Beverly 
Whipple, Mrs. Helen Davis, Clifton 
Whipple, Mrs. Stanley C, Boston 
Whitcomb, Miss Gertrude F., Dorchester 

Center 
White, Miss Estelle, Arlington 
White, Mrs. G. M., Boston 
White, Mrs. Viola B., Norwood 
Whitehouse, Mrs. Frank, Foxboro 
Whiteside, Mrs. Alexander, Boston 
Whitney, Mr. Sumner F., Presque Isle, 

Maine 
Whittemore, Mr. A. C, Newton 
Wilbar, Mrs. C. H., Chelsea 
Wild, Mrs. J. E., Longmeadow 
Wilde, Mr. Arthur H., Needham 
W^ilder, Miss Marjorie S., Maiden 
Wiley, Mr. W. D., Boston 
Wilkinson, Mrs. Trask H., Brookline 
Willand, Mrs. George K., South 

Weymouth 
Willard, Mrs. B. G., Cambridge 
Willard, Mrs. Charles S., West Roxbury 
Williams, Mrs. Arthur S., Newton 

Highlands 
Williams, Mr. Henry M. Jr., Oohasset 
Williams, Mrs. Holden P., Wellesley Hills 
Williams, Mrs. J. P., Needham 
Williams, Mrs. James F., Kirkwood, Mo. 
Williams, Miss Marie I., Belmont 



Williams, Mr. Morley J., Cambridge 
Wilmarth, Mrs. E. Robinson, Attleboro 

Falls 
Wilson, Mr. Charles E., WoUaston 
Wilson, Miss Lucy, Waban 
Winch, Mrs. Ralph P., Williamstown 
Wingate, Miss Adelaide C, Monson 
Winn, Mr. Walter E. Jr., Methuen 
Withington, Mr. Frank C, West Roxbu ry 
Witte, Mr. Edward B., Littleton 
Wolff, Mr. Harry, Mattapan 
Wood, Mrs. Colburn C, Plymouth 
Woodard, Mrs. Fred M., Lynn 
Woodbury, Mrs. William L., Belmont 
Woods, Mr. Garland A., Richmond, Va. 
Woodside, Mrs. A. F., Winchester 
Woodward, Mr. E. N., Lebanon, Va. 
Woodward, Mrs. H. W., Lynn 
Woodward, Mrs. L. Nute, Milford, N. PI. 
Woolley, Mrs. Christiana, Newton 

Highlands 
Worthington, Mr. James N., Amherst 
Wright, Mr. Charles, Eastondale 
Wright, Mrs. John E., Pittsfield 
Wright, Mrs. Mabel E., Brookline 
Wrightington, Miss Julia L., Brookline 
Wykes, Miss Ada E., Boston 
Wyman, Mr. Donald D., North Abington 
AVyman, Mrs, Frank, Newton 
Wyman, Mrs. Sidney T., Wollaston